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「跨年倒數卡卡的?一分鐘講解『閏秒』是什麼」- A Little Extra 2016: Get Ready for Leap Second!


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So as it comes down to it, if you're feeling like that New Year's Eve celebration is dragging on a bit longer than last year, you won't be the only one—you never are—and you won't be wrong, because this year, my friends, we're having a leap second. Yup, you heard that right.
當一年來到這個時候,如果你覺得跨年慶祝活動好像比去年拖得久一些些,你不會是唯一一個那樣覺得的人--你從來都不是--而且你也不會錯,因為今年,我的朋友們,我們有「閏秒」。對,你沒聽錯。

The earth, as you know, is a giant rock that sloshes around in a massive heavy coating of ocean water and atmosphere. This interferes with the planet's rotation, slowing it very slightly, making each year just a bit longer than the last. And once in a while, the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service, the folks in charge of this stuff, insert a leap second to catch our clocks and calendars up with the planet's axial rotation. This will happen just as the ball drops. The U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C. and other government outfits around the world will adjust their atomic clocks, and you'll have one more second of 2016.
地球,如你所知,是一顆巨大石頭,在廣大一層厚厚海水和大氣中翻攪。這干擾星球自轉,使它非常些微地變慢,讓每年都比去年更長一點點。偶爾,國際地球自轉服務組織,也就是負責這件事的一群人,會加入閏秒來讓我們的時鐘和日曆追上地球的自轉。這會正好在時代廣場的水晶球落下時發生。位於華盛頓特區的美國海軍天文台和世界各地的政府機構將調整他們的原子鐘,然後你的 2016 年就會多一秒了。

One more second that, for example, will allow your liver to process precisely five more milliliters of that cheap champagne you've been drinking all night. And depending on how the night's been going, that might just make all the difference. On the other hand, if you're like me, you'll probably sleep straight through your leap second, just like you slept through most of 2016. Eh, that's okay. It was probably the best way to handle it.
多一秒給你,舉例來說,讓你的肝恰好多處理五毫升,五毫升你整晚在喝的廉價香檳。而取決於當晚的情況,那有可能就讓一切大大不同。另一方面,如果你和我一樣,你或許會直接睡過你的閏秒,就像你睡過 2016 年大部分的時間一樣。噯,那也沒差。那搞不好是跨年的最棒方法。

  • 「拖延」- Drag On

    ...if you're feeling like that New Year's Eve celebration is dragging on a bit longer than last year, you won't be the only one—you never are—and you won't be wrong...
    ...如果你覺得跨年慶祝活動好像比去年拖得久一些些,你不會是唯一一個那樣覺得的人--你從來都不是--而且你也不會錯...

  • 「偶爾、有時」- Once In A While

    And once in a while, the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service, the folks in charge of this stuff, insert a leap second to catch our clocks and calendars up with the planet's axial rotation.
    偶爾,國際地球自轉服務組織,也就是負責這件事的一群人,會加入閏秒來讓我們的時鐘和日曆追上地球的自轉。

  • 「負責、掌管」- In Charge Of

    And once in a while, the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service, the folks in charge of this stuff, insert a leap second to catch our clocks and calendars up with the planet's axial rotation.
    偶爾,國際地球自轉服務組織,也就是負責這件事的一群人,會加入閏秒來讓我們的時鐘和日曆追上地球的自轉。

  • 「趕上」- Catch Up With

    And once in a while, the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service, the folks in charge of this stuff, insert a leap second to catch our clocks and calendars up with the planet's axial rotation.
    偶爾,國際地球自轉服務組織,也就是負責這件事的一群人,會加入閏秒來讓我們的時鐘和日曆追上地球的自轉。

  • 「取決於、視某事物而定」- Depend On

    And depending on how the night's been going, that might just make all the difference.
    而取決於當晚的情況,那有可能就讓一切大大不同。

  • 「造成重大影響」- Make All The Difference

    And depending on how the night's been going, that might just make all the difference.
    而取決於當晚的情況,那有可能就讓一切大大不同。

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