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「富士康內幕:獨家檢視iPad製造過程」- Inside Foxconn: Exclusive look at how an iPad is made


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It's seven in the morning at the gates of Foxconn's Long-Hua factory campus in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen. Nearly a quarter million people work at this factory. The average age around is from eighteen to twenty-five years old. Ninety-nine percent of them are migrant workers. They traveled across China to earn money to send back home. Outside the iPad production line, the supervisor gives the workers their daily assembling line assignment.
現在是早上七點,在南中國深圳市的富士康龍華廠區大門口。有將近二十五萬人在這工廠工作。這裡的平均年紀是十八到二十五歲。他們有百分之九十九是外地來的打工仔。他們長途跋涉穿過中國去賺錢寄回家。在iPad的生產線外面,主管給工人們他們每日的組裝線工作。

The first part of the assembling line is this floor where workers assemble the iPads' motherboard. Foxconn recently introduced machines to do part of the work on this line. Here a machine attaches a tiny buckle to the motherboard. If anything goes wrong with this particular iPad, Apple uses this buckle to trace the machine back to this line on this date.
組裝線上第一部分是這一樓,工人們在此組裝iPad的主機板。富士康最近引進了機器去做這條線上部份的工作。這裡的一台機器把一個小扣子裝上主機板。如果這台特定的iPad發生問題,蘋果用這顆扣子去回頭追蹤這台機器直到這個日期的這條組裝線。

Later on in the assembling line the motherboard and other components are installed inside the iPad housing. Each step in the line adds a new component. Some steps just take seconds to complete. Like this step where machine is used to press the iPad battery into the housing. Workers usually rotate their jobs every few days. Workers on this line start out making around fourteen dollars a day. After a couple of years, their salary doubles.
之後在組裝線上主機板和其他的元件被安裝入iPad的外殼裡。組裝線上每一步驟都加裝上一個新元件。某些製程只需要花幾秒鐘就可完成。像是這道製程,用機器把iPad電池壓入機殼。工人們通常每過幾天就輪換他們的工作內容。剛開始時,這些線上的工人們一天賺大約十四美金。幾年之後,他們的薪水會加倍。

After workers install the LED touchscreen display, the iPad is nearly complete. But first, the iPad takes a ride on a machine that tests its gyroscope, which is used when playing video games. A few more screen tests, and the iPad is boxed up and sent to the addresses throughout the developed world.
在工人裝上LED觸控螢幕之後,iPad幾乎完成了。但是首先,iPad要放在一台機器上,測試它的陀螺儀,它是用來打電動的。再加上一些螢幕測試,iPad就被裝箱寄到先進世界各地的客戶家去。

The work is tedious and boring, but each day hundreds of people line up outside of the factory to apply for jobs here. On this day, five hundred applicants, many of them tired from traveling days from their home villages arrive with the hopes of working here. The supply is continuous. One reason is that compared to other Chinese factories, Foxconn is considered by workers to be one of the best.
這工作是很冗長而使人厭煩的,但是每天有數百人在工廠外排隊申請工作。這天,有五百個申請人,其中很多人懷著在這裡工作的希望,千辛萬苦的從老家村莊長途跋涉數天而來。勞工供應是持續不斷的。其中一個原因是,跟其他中國工廠相比,工人們認為富士康是最棒的工廠之一。

The company has invested millions into amenities like athletic fields for its workers. And unlike many factories in China, it pays its workers on time. Still more workers these days are leaving Shenzhen, return home to work. Foxconn has picked up on this trend. It's located its newest factories in China's interior to be closer to where much of China's labor supply comes from.
公司投資了數百萬美金到福利設施上,像是員工運動場。而且不像很多中國的工廠,它準時付工錢給工人。最近仍然有更多工人離開深圳,回到家鄉工作。富士康發現了這趨勢。它把它最新的工廠設在中國內陸,那裡更接近大部分中國勞工的供給來源。

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