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「鄧肯英文第七課:健康/運動」- Learning English-Lesson Seven (Health & Exercise)


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You know the world of English is a fun and exciting place to be. I'm so glad you could join us for another lesson. Ciao!
你知道英文的世界是很有趣很刺激的。我很高興你可以加入我們另一堂課。掰掰!

Hi, everybody! This is Misterduncan in England. How are you today? Are you ok? I hope so! Are you happy? I hope so! In today's lesson, we will look at two aspects of our lives. One is something we take for granted while it is there, but miss it terribly when it has gone. The other is an activity that we are all encouraged to do, but few of us seem to have the time to carry out. In this lesson, we will take a look at "Health" and "Exercise."
嗨,大家好!這裡是英國的鄧肯老師。你今天好嗎?你還好嗎?希望如此!你開心嗎?希望如此!在今天的課程裡,我們會看看生活中的兩方面。其中之一是某種東西當它在那兒時我們當作理所當然,但當它消失時,非常想念它。另一個則是我們都被鼓勵去做的活動,但是我們之中很少人似乎有時間去實行它。在這堂課程裡,我們要看看「健康」和「運動」。

When we talk about our health, we are actually describing two things. First, we refer to our Physical Health: the way our body is functioning; how well it is working; how all the different parts of your body are functioning. Then we refer to our Mental Health: how each of us feels emotionally; how we deal with all of the problems in our lives; how we see other people around us; how we cope with the effects of worry and stress. It would be fair to say that there is a connection between physical and mental health, and that they have the ability to affect each other.
當我們說到健康,我們事實上是在描述兩種東西。首先,我們指的是我們的「生理健康」:我們身體運作的方式,它運作得多好;你身體所有不同部位是如何運作的。然後我們談到我們的「心理健康」:我們每個人情緒上如何去感受;我們如何處理生活中的所有問題;我們如何看待周遭的人;我們如何應付擔憂和壓力的影響。公平而論,在生理和心理健康之間是有所聯結的,而且它們有能力去互相影響。

If you feel tired after any sudden activity, such as getting up from the sofa and walking a short distance, or feeling out of breath after climbing a few stairs, then there is a good chance that you are out of shape. You are unfit. Your health is poor. You are unhealthy. Prolonged inactivity or situations where you are not moving around much, such as sitting in front of the television, driving a car, or working in an office may lead you becoming unfit.
如果你在任何一個突然的動作之後感到疲倦,諸如從沙發站起來走一小段路,或是在爬少許階梯之後喘不過氣來,那麼很有可能是你身體不佳了。你身體不合格了。你的健康很差。你很不健康。長期的不活動或是處於你不四下走動的狀態,像是坐在電視機前面,開車,或是坐辦公室,可能會導致你變得身體不健康。

The food you eat also decides how fit you are. Many of us eat far too much food containing fat and sugar, such as biscuits, burgers, cheese, chocolate and other types of so-called junk food. Over time you will gain weight and become obese. Your blood pressure will rise and your heart will be put under strain by all the extra body mass. You will find simple activities more exhausting. If your unhealthy lifestyle continues over a long period of time, you run the risk of suffering from diseases such as diabetes and your heart will become weak. Your chances of dying of a heart attack or stroke greatly increase if you are overweight.
你吃得食物也決定你的健康。我們很多人吃太多含脂肪和糖分的食物,像是小餅乾,漢堡,起司,巧克力和其他種類所謂的垃圾食物。長久以來你會增重然後變得肥胖。你的血壓會上升然後你的心臟會被置於所有額外身體重量的壓力之下。你會發現簡單活動更使人精疲力竭。如果你的不健康生活方式持續一段很長的時間,你冒著罹患像是糖尿病的風險而且你的心臟會變得衰弱。如果你體重超標的話,你死於心臟病或是中風的機率大大的提升。

There are many words connected to exercise, such as Aerobics: exercise that makes the heart beat fast through constant body movement. We call this cardiovascular exercise. Burn: this word is used to express the energy being used up during exercise. Recreation: a general word for any exercise or leisure activity. Keep-Fit: the act of taking exercise or following a course of exercise routines. Workout: a strenuous, tiring exercise session, focusing on certain parts of the body, such as the muscle in your arms, legs, chest, and abdomen.
有很多跟運動有關的字眼,例如「有氧運動」:藉由不斷的身體活動讓心臟快速跳動的運動。我們稱之為心血管運動。「燃燒」:這個字用來表達能量在運動中被消耗掉。「消遣」:一個用於任何運動或是休閒活動的通用生字。「體適能」:運動的行為或是遵行一系列的運動程序。「健身」:一種費力的、累人的運動訓練,專注在身體某些部分,像是你的手臂、胸口和腹部肌肉。

There are many types of exercise for the body to perform, and which one you do depend on how fit you are and what you are trying to achieve from the exercise. There is light exercise such as walking, stretching, or just generally moving about. If you do a job where you are always on the move, then you are not only working, you are keeping fit as well.
有很多種類的運動讓身體去做,而你該做哪個取決於你身體有多好以及你試著從該運動中達成些什麼。有輕度運動,像是走路、伸展,或只是一般的動來動去。如果你從事一種你總是在動來動去的工作,那麼你不只是在工作,你也在保持健康。

Then there is moderate exercise. A light jog or a fast walk will make you sweat a little, and it will provide a good session of exercise to make your heart work, and help your joints stay flexible and supple.
然後有中等強度運動。輕微的慢跑或是快走會讓你流一點汗,而這會提供你一段好的運動訓練讓你的心臟發揮效用,並幫助你的關節保持彈性、柔軟。

Then there is vigorous or strenuous exercise. This is what really breaks you into a sweat. For example, a long run will really make your body work, and you will be able to feel the effects of this exercise immediately. You can have a workout at a gym or health spa. Lifting heavy objects such as weights, do not only keep you fit, they also help you build up your body.
然後有強力或是費勁的運動。這是真正讓你流汗的東西。舉例來說,一段長跑會真的勞動你的身體,然後你會能夠立刻感覺到這運動的效果。你可以在健身房或是健康Spa裡健身。舉重物像是啞鈴,不只讓你健康,它們也幫助你鍛鍊體魄。

There are many simple exercises for keeping fit and healthy. The most popular ones include walking. Yes, just go for a walk. Walk to the end of your street, then around the corner, across the field, up the hill and back down again. Walk in a big circle, around the streets and along the roads. Keep on walking, until you arrive back home.
有很多簡單的運動保持好身材和身體健康。最受歡迎的一些包括走路。是的,就是去走走路。走到你家街道的盡頭,然後走過轉角、穿過田野、走上小山坡然後再走下坡。走一個大圈子,繞過街道,沿著馬路。繼續不停的走,直到你回到家裡。

Oh, you can also jog. Jogging is quicker than walking, but not as fast as running. You can jog to the end of your street, then around the corner, across the field, up the hill and back down again. Jog in a big circle, around the streets and along the roads. Keep on jogging, until you arrive back home.
噢,你也可以慢跑。慢跑比走路快,但是沒有像跑步一樣快。你可以跑到你家街道的盡頭,然後跑過轉角、穿過田野、跑上小山坡然後再跑下坡。跑個大圈子,繞過街道,沿著馬路。繼續不停的跑,直到你回到家裡。

Or, you can go for a run. Oh dear! Running is much faster than jogging. It can make you feel very tired. So, run to the end of your street, then around the corner, across the field, up the hill and back down again. Run in a big circle, around the streets and along the roads. Keep on running, until you arrive back home.
或者,你可以去跑步。噢,天啊!跑步比慢跑快得多。它可以讓你感到非常疲倦。所以,跑到你家街道的盡頭,然後跑過轉角、穿過田野、跑上小山坡然後再跑下坡。跑個大圈子,繞過街道,沿著馬路。繼續不停的跑,直到你回到家裡。

The way you take care of your health depends on many different factors. The things you put into your body, such as alcohol and cigarette smoke, have the ability to affect the way your body functions. Alcohol damages the brain and liver, while cigarettes cause damage to your lungs. The combination of both can lead to many forms of cancer. The phrase "smoke and drink yourself to death" is a very true one. Besides taking regular exercise, you must also ensure that you are getting enough rest. For example, by making sure that you are getting plenty of sleep each and every night, the sleeping process allows your body to unwind mentally, while at the same time, recharging you physically.
你照顧你健康的方式取決於很多不同因素。你放進身體的東西,像是酒精和香菸,有能力影響你身體運作方式。酒精傷害大腦和肝臟,而香菸造成你肺部的損害。兩種結合一起可以導致很多形式的癌症。「吸菸吸死你、喝酒喝死你」這說法是句很真實的話。除了規律的運動之外,你也必須確保得到足夠的休息。舉例來說,藉由確保你每晚得到很多睡眠,睡覺的過程讓你的身體在精神上放鬆,同時,生理上讓你再充電。

One! Two! Three! It's okay. I'm just exercising my word-power. Please yourself! Believe it or not, it is possible to exercise too much. You can do too much exercise. If you work out too often, or try to push your body too far, then you run the risk of causing damage to your muscles and joints. It is better to do a little over a short time, rather than a lot over a long time, especially if you are not used to taking exercise. Just one hour's exercise per day should be enough to keep you feeling fit. If you ever find yourself feeling any pain or dizziness during exercise, then you should stop. For most people, daily moderate exercise, with a once or twice a weekly workout will be sufficient. Remember! Overdoing exercise can be just as bad as not doing it enough.
一!二!三!沒關係。我只是在練習我的生字能力。你自便!信不信由你,是有可能運動過量的。你可能做太多的運動。如果你太常健身,或是試著太勉強你的身體,那麼你冒著傷害你的肌肉和關節的風險。在短時間之內做少量較佳,而不是用在長時間內做很大量,特別是如果你不習慣運動的話。僅僅每天一小時的運動應該足夠讓你覺得健康。如果你曾經發現你自己在運動之中,感到任何疼痛或是暈眩,那麼你應該停止。對大部分人來說,每天中等強度運動,配上每週一次或兩次的健身會是足夠的。記得!過量運動會是和運動不足一樣糟糕的。

There are many sporting activities that can give you a vigorous workout and help keep you fit, such as Badminton, Football, Squash, Tennis and Volleyball. Another great activity is Swimming, which is good for giving you a relaxing all-over body workout as you float in the water, without all that tiring muscle strain.
有很多運動活動可以給你強而有力的訓練並幫助你保持健康,像是羽毛球、足球、回力球、網球和排球。另一種很棒的活動是游泳,好處是當你漂在水上時,給你一段輕鬆愉快的全身鍛鍊,沒有所有那累人的肌肉壓迫。

There has never been a time when the issue of health has been such a hot topic. Our hectic lifestyle and the need for that magic quick fix from a burger or a bar of chocolate has led to an ever-growing proportion of us becoming unhealthy. Eating less and exercising more are both easier said than done. But just like anything, a habit can be changed or broken. With a little determination and will power, it is possible to change the way you live and keep in shape. Just an hour a day, for a walk around the block, or a couple of workout sessions per week at the local gym can help you stay as fit as a fiddle.
健康的議題從未成為如此熱門的話題過。我們忙亂的生活方式和對那魔法般快速搞定的漢堡或是巧克力棒的需求,導致我們變得不健康的人口比例持續成長。少吃多運動二者都是說的比做的簡單。但是就像任何事情一樣,習慣可以被改變或是被放棄。用一點點決心和意志力,是有可能改變你生活方式和保持好身材。只要一天一小時,街頭散步,或是每星期在當地健身房的一些健身訓練可以幫助你身體保持絕佳狀況。

That's better! Going out on a fine day for a spot of exercise is the best way to keep your body in good condition. Of course you don't always have to do something strenuous or tiring to stay fit. Taking a brisk thirty minute walk at least once a day is a great way to stay in shape. If the weather is not good, then you can walk up and down the stairs in your house a few times. The important thing is to work your body and tire it out a little.
那樣好多了!在好天氣出門找個地點運動是保持你身體好狀況的最佳方法。當然你不必總是做些費勁的或是累人的事情去保持健康。一天至少一次輕快的三十分鐘走路是保持身體健康很棒的方法。如果天氣不好,那麼你可以在你家裡爬上爬下樓梯幾次。重要的是動用你的身體並讓它感到一點點疲倦。

That is all from me for today. Stay healthy and happy, until the next time we meet. This is Misterduncan in England, saying, "thank you for watching me, teaching you," and of course, "ta-ta for now."
我今天就到此為止。保持健康快樂,直到我們下次見面。這裡是英國的鄧肯老師,說「謝謝觀賞我的教學」,還有當然「暫時掰掰了」。

  • 「冒著...的風險」- Run The Risk Of

    If your unhealthy lifestyle continues over a long period of time, you run the risk of suffering from diseases such as diabetes and your heart will become weak.
    如果你的不健康生活方式持續一段很長的時間,你冒著罹患像是糖尿病的風險而且你的心臟會變得衰弱。

  • 「信不信由你」- Believe It Or Not

    Believe it or not, it is possible to exercise too much.
    信不信由你,是有可能運動過量的。

  • 「非常健康、狀況絕佳」- As Fit As A Fiddle

    Just an hour a day, for a walk around the block, or a couple of workout sessions per week at the local gym can help you stay as fit as a fiddle.
    只要一天一小時,街頭散步,或是每星期在當地健身房的一些健身訓練可以幫助你身體保持絕佳狀況。

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