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「【看時事學英文】勒索軟體『WannaCry』讓全球微軟用戶心慌慌」- Ransomware "WannaCry" Attack Explained


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Here's what you need to know about the ransomware that's been dubbed "WannaCry." Security experts say this is one of the worst and most widespread pieces of malware they've ever seen, especially because it's even caused some hospitals in the UK to have to cancel outpatient appointments. So, what exactly happens to infected computers and how big is this?
關於被稱作 WannaCry 的勒索軟體,這裡是你所需要知道的事。安全專家表示這是他們見過最慘重且影響範圍最廣的惡意程式之一,特別是因為它甚至造成英國一些醫院不得不取消門診病人的預約。那麼,受到感染的電腦究竟會怎樣,而這波災情又有多嚴重呢?

The ransomware actually locks up all the files in your computer and demands 300 dollars in Bitcoin in order to regain control. People are seeing this message all around the world, and researchers say they've seen tens of thousands of infections in about 100 countries. Researchers say this is spreading through a Windows' weakness known as "Eternal Blue," which Microsoft released a patch for last month. This ransomware is actually just going through the Internet looking through vulnerable computers, according to cybersecurity firm Malwarebytes. That means you don't even have to click a phishing email to get infected.
這款勒索軟體真的會鎖住你電腦中的所有檔案,並要求以比特幣支付三百美金來重獲掌控。人們在世界各地都看到這則訊息,而研究人員表示他們在約一百個國家內看到成千上萬起感染案例。研究人員說這是透過被稱作「永恆之藍」的微軟漏洞散布,微軟在上個月已發行修補程式。這款勒索軟體其實只是在網路上尋找易受攻擊的電腦,根據網路安全公司 Malwarebytes 調查。那代表你連釣魚信件都不用點就會受到感染了。

How can you protect yourself? Well, you know those seemingly annoying security updates from Microsoft Windows—if you've installed the latest one, you're safe; if you haven't, do it right away. For now, that's about it.
你可以怎樣保護自己呢?這個嘛,你知道微軟 Windows 系統那些看似煩人的安全更新--如果你已經安裝最新版本,那你就安全了;如果你還沒,現在馬上安裝。目前看來,大概就是那樣了。

Who's responsible? Researchers aren't pointing their fingers yet, but the most amount of attacks so far have been in Taiwan, Ukraine, and Russia, according to Avast. Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden tweeted, "If the NSA had privately disclosed the flaw used to attack these hospitals when they 'found' it, not when they lost it, this may not have happened." And that's being echoed by experts we're talking to.
誰應該負責?研究人員尚未指責任何對象,不過根據 Avast 防毒軟體顯示,目前為止最多攻擊事件發生在台灣、烏克蘭以及俄羅斯。前美國國家安全局承包商 Edward Snowden 推文寫道:「如果美國國家安全局私下揭露被用來攻擊這些醫院的漏洞,在他們『發現』的當下,而非資訊外洩時,這一切可能就不會發生了。」而和我們談這起事件的專家們也附和他的說法。

The scariest part about this ransomware? It's still spreading.
這款勒索軟體最令人害怕的部分是什麼?它仍在持續散布中。

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