使用chrome瀏覽器,輕鬆學英文。

如有任何問題,歡迎聯絡我們

希平方
攻其不背
App 開放下載中
希平方
攻其不背
App 開放下載中

「紫色很美呀,但為什麼以前的國旗都沒有使用紫色?」- Why Don't Country Flags Use The Color Purple?


框選或點兩下字幕可以直接查字典喔!

There are 196 countries in the world today, and virtually none of them have purple on their national flag. Throughout history, purple was never used to represent a kingdom, civilization, or empire. So what's wrong with purple? It's such a popular color today. Why would no country use it in their flag?
現今世界上有 196 個國家,而幾乎沒有任何一個國家的國旗上有紫色。縱觀歷史,紫色從來沒有被用來代表一個王國、文明或是帝國。那到底紫色有什麼問題呢?它在今日是如此受歡迎的顏色。為什麼沒有國家要在它們的國旗上使用它呢?

The answer is really quite simple: Purple was just far too expensive. No countries have purple on their flag because up until the 1800s, purple was worth more than its weight in gold. The color purple has been associated with royalty, power, and wealth for centuries. In fact, Queen Elizabeth I forbade anyone except close members of the royal family to wear it.
答案真的滿簡單的:紫色就只是太貴了。沒有國家在國旗上使用紫色,因為直到十九世紀,紫色的價值比同重量的黃金還要高。紫色這個顏色幾世紀以來都被與皇室、權力以及財富聯想在一起。事實上,伊莉莎白一世禁止皇室近親以外的任何人穿戴紫色。

Purple's elite status stems from the rarity and cost of the dye originally used to produce it. The dye, initially used to make purple, came from the Phoenician trading city of Tyre, which is now in modern day Lebanon. Fabric traders obtained the dye from a small sea snail that was only found in the Tyre region of the Mediterranean. A lot of work went into producing the dye as more than 10,000 snails were needed to create just one gram of Tyrian purple.
紫色的崇高地位來自於原先被用來製造它的染料的稀少性以及成本。那染料,原先被用來製造紫色,來自於腓尼基的貿易城市泰爾,那位於現在的黎巴嫩。布料商從一種小小的海蝸牛身上取得這種染料,這種蝸牛只存在於地中海的泰爾地區。生產這種染料要投入大量心力,因為要製造僅僅一公克的泰爾紫就需要超過一萬隻的蝸牛。

Since only wealthy rulers could afford to buy and wear the color, it became associated with the imperial classes of Rome, Egypt, and Persia. Purple also came to represent spirituality and holiness because the ancient emperors, kings, and queens that wore the color were often thought of as gods or descendants of the gods. Sometimes, however, the dye was too expensive even for royalty. Third century Roman emperor Aurelian famously wouldn't allow his wife to buy a shawl made from Tyrian purple silk because it literally cost three times its weight in gold. A single pound of dye cost three pounds of gold, which is the equivalent of 56,000 dollars today. So since the sheer price of purple was so astronomically high, no one, not even the richest nations, could afford to have purple on their flag.
因為只有富有的統治者才買得起且穿得起這種顏色,它便被與羅馬、埃及,以及波斯的帝國階級聯想在一起。紫色也被當做靈性以及神聖的象徵,因為穿戴這種顏色的古代帝王、國王以及皇后通常都被視為神,或是神的後代。然而有時候,這種染料連皇室的人都覺得太貴。三世紀的羅馬皇帝奧勒良廣為人知的軼事之一,就是他不准他太太買一條由泰爾紫絲綢製成的披巾,因為它真的要花上同重量黃金的三倍價格才買得到。一磅的染料要花上三磅重黃金的價錢,那在現在來說就等同於 56,000 美金。就因為紫色超級無敵高的天價,沒有人,就連最有錢的國家也一樣,能負擔得起將紫色用在它們的國旗上。

The hue became more accessible to lower classes about a century and a half ago. In 1856, 18-year-old English chemist William Henry Perkin accidentally created a synthetic purple compound while attempting to synthesize quinine, an anti-malaria drug. He noticed that the compound could be used to dye fabrics, so he patented the dye, manufactured it, and got filthy rich. Purple dye was then mass produced, so just about everybody could afford it. The elite stopped valuing purple and the status symbol faded away, but the country flags remained the same. Since 1900, a handful of new national flags have been designed, and a few of them have opted to use purple on their flag. So don't be making any bets just yet.
大約在一個半世紀以前,較低階層的人才比較能取得這個顏色。在 1856 年時,18 歲的英國化學家 William Henry Perkin 意外地創造出合成的紫色化合物,那時他其實是要試著合成奎寧,一種抗瘧疾藥物。他注意到這種化合物可以被用來染布,所以他就取得這染料的專利、大量製造它,然後變得超有錢。紫色染料接著被量產,幾乎所有人都負擔得起了。菁英們不再珍視紫色,而那地位象徵也隨之褪去,但是國旗仍然維持不變。從 1900 年起,陸續有一些新的國旗被設計出來,而它們當中有一些就選擇在它們的國旗上使用紫色。所以先別打任何賭吧。

Hopefully you found this interesting. Sometimes the simplest questions have the most fascinating answers. For more interesting videos like this one, please subscribe.
希望你會覺得這個很有趣。有時候最簡單的問題有著最有趣迷人的答案。想看更多跟這部一樣的有趣影片的話,請訂閱。

  • 「實際上、事實上」- In Fact

    In fact, Queen Elizabeth I forbade anyone except close members of the royal family to wear it.
    事實上,伊莉莎白一世禁止皇室近親以外的任何人穿戴紫色。

  • 「源自、由...造成」- Stem From

    Purple's elite status stems from the rarity and cost of the dye originally used to produce it.
    紫色的崇高地位來自於原先被用來製造它的染料的稀少性以及成本。

  • 「來自於、產自」- Come From

    The dye, initially used to make purple, came from the Phoenician trading city of Tyre, which is now in modern day Lebanon.
    那染料,原先被用來製造紫色,來自於腓尼基的貿易城市泰爾,那位於現在的黎巴嫩。

  • 「花在...上、投入...」- Go Into

    A lot of work went into producing the dye as more than 10,000 snails were needed to create just one gram of Tyrian purple.
    生產這種染料要投入大量心力,因為要製造僅僅一公克的泰爾紫就需要超過一萬隻的蝸牛。

  • 「逐漸消失、變弱」- Fade Away

    The elite stopped valuing purple and the status symbol faded away, but the country flags remained the same.
    菁英們不再珍視紫色,而那地位象徵也隨之褪去,但是國旗仍然維持不變。

播放本句

登入使用學習功能

使用Email登入

HOPE English 播放器使用小提示

  • 功能簡介

    單句重覆、上一句、下一句:顧名思義,以句子為單位重覆播放,單句重覆鍵顯示橘色時為重覆播放狀態;顯示灰色時為正常播放狀態。按上一句鍵、下一句鍵時就會自動重覆播放該句。
    收錄佳句:點擊可增減想收藏的句子。

    中、英文字幕開關:中、英文字幕按鍵為綠色為開啟,灰色為關閉。鼓勵大家搞懂每一句的內容以後,關上字幕聽聽看,會發現自己好像在聽中文說故事一樣,會很有成就感喔!
    收錄單字:用滑鼠框選英文單字可以收藏不會的單字。
  • 分享
    如果您覺得本篇短片很有趣或很喜歡,在短片結束時有分享連結,可以分享給朋友一同欣賞,一起看YouTube學英文!

    或是您有收錄很優秀的句子時,也可以分享佳句給大家,一同看佳句學英文!