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「成為更好的領導者,過更好的生活!」- Be a Better Leader, Have a Richer Life


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Hello, I'm Paul Michelman, director of content for harvardbusiness.org, and I'm delighted to be joined today by Stewart Friedman. Stew is the author of the Harvard Business Review article Be a Better Leader, Have a Richer Life and the book Total Leadership.
哈囉,我是harvardbusiness.org的總監Pau Michael,我很高興今天能邀請到Stewart Friedman。Stew是《哈佛商業評論》文章"Be a better leader, have a richer life"以及《Total Leadership》這本書的作者。

Stew, thanks for joining us today.
Stew,感謝你今天加入我們。

Thanks for having me, Paul. It's great to be here.
謝謝邀請我,Paul,很高興來到這裡。

Our pleasure. Ok, our goal for today is to help our audience become better leaders by simultaneously excelling in four areas of their life, work, home, community, and self.
這是我們的榮幸。好的,我們今天的目標是幫助我們的觀眾成為更好的領導者,藉由同時在他們的生活、工作、家庭、社會和自我這四個領域中勝出。

Right.
是的。

So let's begin by allowing me to play devil's advocate. We're talking about work here. Why do I care about the other three areas?
所以,讓我從扮演一吹毛求疵的人開始。我們在這裡談論的是工作。為什麼我要關心其他三個領域?

Why care about your family, society, and your private self—your mind and body and spirit—when your primary focus is work? Well, the most important reason is that these other parts of your life affect your work. So how things are going at work, or in your private sphere of mind, body and spirit and your sense of contribution to society or to your friendship networks, your social groups—all that affects your performance at work. And one of the things that we've found is that the more you can bring the whole person in, the more energy, the more productivity, the more commitment, loyalty and focus you have at work. So it makes business sense to account for the whole person's interests and passions.
為什麼要關心你的家庭,社會,你的自我--也就是你的心靈,身體和精神--當你的首要焦點是工作的時候?這個嘛,最重要的原因是,這些你生活的其他領域都會影響你的工作。所以在工作上或私人心靈、身體和精神領域發生的事,以及你對社會或你的友誼網絡,社會團體的貢獻所發生的事情--這些都會影響你在工作上的表現。而我們已經發現的事情之一是,你越是能夠整個人投入,你會在工作上就越可以有更多的精力,更高的生產力,更多的承諾,忠誠和專注。所以,這讓整個人的興趣和熱情,具有事業上的意義。

Is what we're talking about here work-life balance? Or is there something more to it than that?
我們是在這裡談論你的工作與生活的平衡?或是還有其他更多的東西呢?

A lot of people talk about work-life balance—many more people today than when I first started addressing this issue 20 years ago when my first son was born. And it's become a very present issue in many different sectors of our society and abroad. And there's a lot of important reasons for that. But balance is the wrong metaphor.
很多人談工作與生活平衡--與二十年前當我第一個兒子出生,第一次開始演說這個題目的時候相比,現在有更多人談論此事。而它在我們的社會和國外許多不同領域中已經成為非常當下的問題。那有很多重要原因。但是,平衡是錯誤的比喻。

Balance is the wrong metaphor because it implies trade-offs. It implies that you've got to give up one part of your life to have success in another part. And what I want to encourage people to do is to see the possibility of what I call "four-way wins," which requires that you use leadership to better integrate the different parts of your life, all four—work, home, community and self; and to generate the support that you need from the key people around you for making change, creating meaningful, sustainable change in how, where, and when you get things done so that it's better for you and better for the different people in the different parts of your life. And what I find is that when you do that, when you take an approach that is not about trading off or balancing but rather integrating in an intelligent way that fits your life, your world, that actually works.
平衡是錯誤的比喻,因為它意味著交易。這意味著你必須放棄你生活的一部分,來在另一部分獲得成功。我要鼓勵人們做的事,是看到我所說「四贏」的可能性,那要你使用領導力來更好地整合你生活中的不同領域,所有四個,工作,家庭,社會和自我;並且從你身邊的關鍵人物產生需要的支持去作出改變,在如何,在何處和何時中,你把事情做好創造出有意義的,可持續性的變化,這麼一來對你更好、對你生活中不同領域中不同的人也更好。我所發現的是,當你這樣做,當你採取一種不是交易或平衡方法,而是用一種適合你生活、你世界的聰明方式整合,那是真正有效的。

So help me out here. I'm like a lot of members of our audience, so I'm sure I was brought up with a mentality that life is about trade-offs, that you do have to be willing to sacrifice in one area to excel in another. So let's get specific here. Help us understand how to take that leap to this new mentality.
那幫我個忙。我就像很多的觀眾一樣,所以我確定我成長的過程中被灌輸一種生活跟取捨息息相關的心態、你必須願意在一個領域犧牲以在另一個領域勝出的心態。因此,讓我們具體一點。幫助我們了解如何將那引導至新的心態。

It starts with being real, which means understanding what really matters to you. And so there's a couple of really fun and interesting ways of doing that: looking at your core values, looking at your future. What's the legacy you want to leave for the world 20 years hence? What are the most important parts of your life today in terms of work, home, community and self? So you take the "four-way view" and see, well, which of these parts are really most important to me? And where do I focus my time and attention? And how are things going in each of the different domains? So all that is part of being real, what really matters.
這要從做真實的自己開始,這意味著去理解什麼對你是真正重要的。所以,有一些做這些事情真正有趣的方法:檢視你的核心價值觀,檢視你的未來。二十年以後,你要為世界留下甚麼遺產?就工作、家庭、社會和自我而言,什麼是你現今生活中最重要的部分?所以,你採取「四面觀」,並看看,這個嘛,其中哪些部份是對我真正最重要的?我應該在哪裡集中我的時間和注意力?事情在不同的領域中如何發展?因此,所有那些都是做真實自己的一部分、真正重要的部分。

The second piece, be whole, is about understanding the needs and interests—what I call the performance expectations—of the key stakeholders, the most important people in your life, in the different parts of your life. See, you think about and write about who the most important people are and what your mutual expectations are, at work, at home, in the community, and for yourself in terms of your own mental health, physical health, and a spiritual growth and development, and leisure. And see, you have a new perspective on "Where now can I create sustainable change?" "Where now can I experiment with how to bring the different parts together in a way that produces a four-way win?" So that's the third part: be innovative.
第二部分,全面了解自己,是關於了解需要和興趣--就是我所稱的表現期望--了解主要利害關係人的需要和興趣、那些你生命中,生命的不同領域中最重要的人們。看,你思考並寫出對你自己來說,最重要的人是誰,你們的共同期望是什麼就心理健康、身體健康、在工作中、在家裡、在社會上,還有精神成長發展和休閒方面。再看看,對於「我現在在哪裡可以創造持續的改變?」對於「現在我可以在哪實驗如何去把不同的部分結合在一起,以致創造四贏?」你有了新的觀點。所以這是第三部分:要創新。

Act with creativity by experimenting with how you do things. And so the fun part is experimenting. So what kinds of experiments do people do? Well, they range from changing the where and when of getting things done—what I call time-shifting or replacing—working at home a day a week for example; or in a more micro scale, focusing and concentrating experiments where you shut off your Blackberry from the hours of 6 to 10 pm a couple of nights a week, and see what benefits that brings for the different domains of your life, the different areas; or there's the example that I write about in the article: a man who was new to his community and was working in a financial services company wanted to become a high potential for executive promotion in his company, and also wanted to join a community board that would involve his fiancee who is very interested in community service activities, and would also connect him more closer with his sister who is a special education teacher. So his experiment was to join this community board and to extend his network in a professional context in the community. Of course the bank saw that as it was good for them. And it was also good for his family as well as for himself and his community. So those are some examples.
藉由試驗你做事的方式,利用創造力行動。所以,有趣的部份是實驗。人們做什麼樣的實驗呢?嗯,它們的範圍從改變在何時、何地把事情做好--也就是我所說的時間更動或替換--例如一個星期在家工作一天;或是更微觀的規模,聚焦且集中實驗,在這實驗中一星期幾個晚上、從六點到十點,你關掉你的黑莓機,看看這給你生活中不同的範圍,不同的領域帶來什麼好處;亦或是在文章中我寫到的一個例子:一名剛搬到社區,在金融服務公司上班的男子,他想成為公司裡一個高階管理職位極具潛力的升遷人選,也想加入一個社區委員會,這讓他可以和對社區服務活動很有興趣的未婚妻一起參與,而且他也想讓自己更密切地和他那身為特教老師的姐姐聯繫。所以他的實驗是加入這個社區委員會,並以在社會上的專業背景拓展其人脈。當然,銀行視其為對他們好的事情。且這也對他的家人,他自己,和他的社區有好處。這都是一些例子。

Great, so we've got something of an arc here that begins with introspection, reflection, discussion with others, finding that gap between who you are, who you want to be, and experimentation.
很好,所以我們得到了一連串的東西,始於自省,反思,與人討論,發現溝壑橫亙於「你是誰,你想成為誰」和實驗之間。

Right, so when I talk to people months and years down the road about what they take away from this process, it's less about the impact of a particular experiment than it is on their capacity to lead change in all the different parts of their life. And that's really a primary goal of this approach.
對,所以在我接下來幾個月甚至幾年,和人談到關於他們從這個過程中帶走的東西之時。這不是關於一個特定實驗的影響,而是在於他們引領其生命所有的不同部分改變的能力。那真是這種方法的主要目標。

Stewart Friedman, thanks very much.
Stewart Friedman,非常感謝。

Thank you.
謝謝。

To learn about how to put Stew's ideas into practice, you can visit his website totalleadership.org.
想學會如何將Stwe的想法付諸實踐,你可以看看他的網站totalleadership.org。

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