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「燒燙傷知多少」- Burns: Classification and Treatment


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Burns are skin injuries caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, or radiation. Your doctor will recommend treatment based on the size of your burn and the layers of skin the burn affects. Your skin has three main layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis, or subcutaneous layer, containing fat, blood vessels, and nerves. Beneath the skin are tissues such as muscle, fascia, and bone.
燒燙傷是因熱、化學物質、電或輻射所造成的皮膚傷害。 你的醫生會依據燒燙傷大小及其影響的皮膚層面建議治療方式。你的皮膚主要有三層:表皮層、真皮層,以及皮下組織,或稱皮下層,含有脂肪、血管,以及神經。皮膚下方為組織,例如肌肉、筋膜,以及骨骼。

First-degree, or superficial burns, affect only your epidermis. The burned site appears red and dry, with no blisters, and is mildly painful.
一度燒燙傷,或表層燒燙傷,僅影響你的表皮層。燒燙傷處泛紅且乾燥,沒有水泡,且有點疼痛。

Second-degree, or partial-thickness burns, involve your epidermis and portions of your upper dermis, and lower dermis. The burned site is red and moist, and may be blistered, swollen, and very painful.
二度燒燙傷,或部分皮層燒燙傷,影響到你的表皮層和部分真皮上部,以及真皮下部。燒燙傷處泛紅且濕潤,有可能起水泡、腫脹且非常疼痛。

Third-degree, or full-thickness burns, extend through your dermis and into the hypodermis. The burned site appears patchy in color, ranging from white to brown with a dry, leathery texture. Because the burn is so deep, it causes little or no pain.
三度燒燙傷,或全層燒燙傷,從你的真皮層影響到皮下組織。燒燙傷處顏色斑駁,皮膚呈死白色到乾硬、如皮革般質感的褐色。因為那燒燙傷太過深層,造成輕微疼痛或感覺不到疼痛。

Fourth-degree burns involve the destruction of all layers of your skin, sometimes extending into the underlying muscle or bone. These burns are brown, dry, charred, and almost always painless.
四度燒燙傷含括所有皮層損壞,有時延伸至下方的肌肉或骨骼。這些燒燙傷傷口呈咖啡色、乾硬、焦黑,且幾乎往往感受不到疼痛。

You can treat your first-degree burn by soaking it in cool water for a few minutes. To soothe and protect the tissue, apply an antibiotic ointment, and cover with a clean, dry bandage. You can take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain.
你可以泡在冷水幾分鐘來治療你的一度燒燙傷。要紓緩並保護組織,塗上抗生素藥膏,並蓋上乾淨、乾燥的繃帶。你可以用乙醯胺酚(止痛藥主要成分)或伊普錠來治療疼痛。

Care for a second-degree burn by soaking in cool water for several minutes. Apply an antibiotic ointment to prevent infection, and cover with a clean, dry, non-stick bandage. Change your bandage every day and make sure your hands are clean. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen may help with pain and swelling.
在冷水內浸泡數分鐘來照料二度燒燙傷。塗上抗生素藥膏以避免感染,並用乾淨、乾燥、無黏性的繃帶覆蓋傷口。每天更換繃帶,且務必確保雙手清潔。 乙醯胺酚或伊普錠可能對疼痛和腫脹有效。

If you have a third- or fourth-degree burn, go immediately to an emergency department. If you can, elevate the burned body part higher than your heart. You will also need to seek medical attention if your burn is larger than three inches in diameter, or if it is located on your face, hands, feet, groin, buttocks, or over a major joint.
如果你受到三度或四度燒燙傷,立刻前往急診部門。可以的話,將身體受到燒燙傷的部位抬到高於心臟的位置。如果你的燒燙傷處直徑大於三英寸,你也需要就醫,或如果傷口位在你的臉部、手、腳、鼠蹊部、臀部或主要關節上時,也要趕快就醫。

  • 「例如」- Such As

    Beneath the skin are tissues such as muscle, fascia, and bone.
    皮膚下方為組織,例如肌肉、筋膜,以及骨骼。

  • 「照料」- Care For

    Care for a second-degree burn by soaking in cool water for several minutes.
    在冷水內浸泡數分鐘來照料二度燒燙傷。

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