Today, we are going to learn about "affect" and "effect," two words that are very easy to confuse. The easiest way to remember the difference is that "affect" is a verb, and "effect" is a noun—at least most of the time.
今天，我們要來認識 affect 和 effect，兩個很容易被混淆的字。要記住兩者差異最簡單的方法就是 affect 是動詞，而 effect 是名詞－－至少大多時候是這樣。
So, what's "affect"? "Affect" means "to influence or produce a change in something." For example, say your family went on a picnic, but it started to rain, you would say, "The rain severely affected our family picnic."
那麼，什麼是 affect？Affect 意指「對某事物造成影響或改變」。舉例來說，假如你們一家人要去野餐但天空卻下起雨來，你會說：「這場雨大大影響了我們的家庭野餐。」
As we mentioned before, "effect" is a noun, and it means "the result of a change." But let's return to the picnic. If you wanted to describe the effects of the rain, you would say, "The effect of the rainstorm was that we all got wet."
But the affect-effect rule has exceptions. In some contexts, "effect" is a verb, and "affect" is a noun. Thanks a lot, English.
但這關於 affect 和 effect 的規則有些例外。在某些情境下，effect 是動詞而 affect 是名詞。還真是謝啦，英文。
"Effect" as a verb means "to bring about." It usually shows up with nouns like "change" or "solutions." For example, if your family is passionate about the park you try to picnic in, you might decide to effect change in your public parks.
Effect 作動詞時意指「產生」。它通常會和像是 change(改變)或 solutions(解決辦法)這些名詞一起出現。例如，如果你的家人很喜歡你們打算要去野餐的公園，你可能會決定要對你們的公園產生影響。
Now, let's look at the other exception: "affect" with an "a." "Affect" as a noun means "feeling, emotion, or specific emotional response." So, for example, if you felt your sister did not react at all to the rain, you would say she had a flat affect.
現在，來看另一個例外：有一個 a 的 affect。Affect 作為名詞代表「感覺、情感，或特殊的情緒反應」。那麼，舉例來說，如果你覺得你妹妹對那場雨完全沒反應，你就會說她沒有情緒。
Thanks so much for joining us today to learn about "affect" and "effect." And be sure to subscribe to Grammarly for more grammar videos.
非常感謝大家今天和我們一起認識 affect 和 effect。一定要訂閱 Grammarly 頻道以收看更多文法影片喔。