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「那些天才不告訴你的成功祕訣」- The Good & Bad Habits of Smart People


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The Good and Bad Habits of Smart People
聰明人的好習慣與壞習慣

Follow in the footsteps of some of the world's smartest people—just make sure you only pick up their good habits.
跟隨一些世界上絕頂聰明的人的腳步--只要確保你僅學到他們的好習慣。

Have you ever tested your IQ? The intelligence quotient is an indicator of an individual's mental abilities relative to others of approximately the same age. The average IQ is around 100, whereas the average genius's IQ is 140 points or higher. Albert Einstein, Bill Gates, and Ben Franklin's intelligence quotients are considered to be of extraordinary levels at 160, with Beethoven's at an astonishing 165!
你是否曾測過你的智商?智力商數是一個人心智能力的指標,和其他約莫同齡的人相作比較。一般智商在一百左右,然而天才平均的智商在一百四十點或更高。阿爾伯特·愛因斯坦、比爾·蓋茲,及班傑明·富蘭克林的智力商數被認為是在一百六十這樣超群的水準上,而貝多芬的智商更達驚人的一百六十五!

What do high IQ individuals have in common? They are persistent. For example, Albert Einstein didn't speak until he was four years old, Bill Gates' first business was a complete failure, Thomas Edison failed over 1,000 times before he created the first lightbulb, and Benjamin Franklin dropped out of school at the age of 10. They set goals. Those who set clearly defined goals and share their goals with their friends are 76 percent more likely to accomplish them. They are avid readers. By reading just 15 minutes a day, you'll digest more than 1,000,000 words every year. They are self-disciplined and they think about thinking. Practicing metacognition increases self-awareness of one's own knowledge.
高智商的人有什麼共通點呢?他們堅持不懈。舉例來說,愛因斯坦直到四歲才會說話、比爾·蓋茲的第一個事業徹底失敗、湯瑪斯·愛迪生在創造出第一個電燈泡前失敗超過一千次,而班傑明·富蘭克林在十歲時退學。他們訂定目標。那些訂定明確目標並和他們朋友分享的人,有高出百分之七十六的可能性會完成那些目標。他們熱衷於閱讀。藉由一天僅僅閱讀十五分鐘,你每年就能消化超過一百萬個字。他們自律而且思考關於思考這件事。練習「後設認知」能增進一個人對自己所知的自我意識。

Nobody's perfect, not even those with a genius-level IQ. According to studies, there also tends to be certain negative behaviors exhibited by some of the most intelligent people. They tend to drink and use drugs. Studies show that children with IQs greater than 125 are more likely to binge drink as adults. Research shows that boys who score greater than 107 on their IQ tests were twice as likely, and girls three times as likely, to use drugs on a regular basis as the average adult. They are night owls and have anxiety. Studies have shown that the higher the IQ, the later the bedtime, and the greater the instance of generalized anxiety disorder. While extreme intelligence has some negative associations, exhibiting these traits won't make you smarter!
沒有人是完美的,甚至是那些擁有天才智商水準的人。根據研究,也有特定的負面行為傾向顯現在一些最有才智的人身上。他們容易酗酒和吸毒。研究顯示智商高於一百二十五的孩童成年時更有可能酗酒。調查顯示在智力測驗上得分高於一百零七的男生有兩倍的可能性,而女生有三倍的可能,會經常吸毒,跟一般成人相較之下。他們是夜貓子且神經緊張。研究已顯示智商越高,就寢時間就越晚,且廣泛性焦慮症的實例越多。儘管超高智商有一些負面的聯想,但展現出這些特質並不會讓你變得更聰明!

  • 「共同、相同」- In Common

    What do high IQ individuals have in common?
    高智商的人有什麼共通點呢?

  • 「舉例來說」- For Example

    For example, Albert Einstein didn't speak until he was four years old, Bill Gates' first business was a complete failure...
    舉例來說,愛因斯坦直到四歲才會說話、比爾·蓋茲的第一個事業徹底失敗...

  • 「退學、退出」- Drop Out

    ...and Benjamin Franklin dropped out of school at the age of 10.
    ...而班傑明·富蘭克林在十歲時退學。

  • 「根據、按照」- According To

    According to studies, there also tends to be certain negative behaviors exhibited by some of the most intelligent people.
    根據研究,也有特定的負面行為傾向顯現在一些最有才智的人身上。

  • 「經常」- On A Regular Basis

    Research shows that boys who score greater than 107 on their IQ tests were twice as likely, and girls three times as likely, to use drugs on a regular basis as the average adult.
    調查顯示在智力測驗上得分高於一百零七的男生有兩倍的可能性,而女生有三倍的可能,會經常吸毒,跟一般成人相較之下。

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