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「感恩節的歷史」- The History of Thanksgiving


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On this holiday, we give thanks and celebrate the harvest. Welcome to WatchMojo.com, and today we'll be learning more about Thanksgiving.
在這個節日,我們感謝並且慶祝收成。歡迎來到 WatchMojo.com,今天我們將學到更多關於感恩節的知識。

Linus, we have so much to be thankful for.
Linus,我們有好多要感謝的事。

Thanksgiving Day is a holiday observed annually on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States. While other such celebratory meals may have been held earlier, the Pilgrims' 1621 feast in Plymouth, Massachusetts is most widely accepted as the first Thanksgiving celebration. After arriving from England via the Mayflower, these settlers were taught to harvest by local Native Americans. The Pilgrims then celebrated their success with the natives by holding a three-day feast inspired by their religious traditions.
感恩節是一個在美國每年十一月的第四個星期四舉辦的節日。雖然其它像這樣的節慶大餐可能更早就舉行過,清教徒們 1621 年在麻州普利茅斯的盛宴才是最廣泛被認可為第一個感恩節慶典。在經由五月花號自英國抵達後,這些移民們受當地的印第安人教導如何收成。清教徒們接著藉由舉行受他們宗教習俗所啟發的三天盛宴來和印第安人們同慶他們的成功。

As Thanksgiving became more popular across the country, similar celebrations were observed by other North American colonies. In 1863, a proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln saw Thanksgiving become an annual event observed on the last Thursday in November, while President Franklin Delano Roosevelt officially signed the holiday into federal law in 1941 as the fourth Thursday during that month.
隨著感恩節在全國變得更加盛行,相似的慶典也被其它北美殖民地舉辦。1863 年時,一項由亞伯拉罕‧林肯總統所發布的公告認可感恩節成為一個在十一月最後一個星期四舉行的年度盛事,而富蘭克林‧德拉諾‧羅斯福總統在 1941 年正式將此節日訂為那月的第四個星期四到聯邦法裡。

Since then, Thanksgiving traditions have varied, but often include participating in games, dressing up, and feasting. Though Thanksgiving is mainly a secular holiday that revolves around sharing a meal with loved ones, many people give thanks to God by attending church services and saying grace before the meal.
自那時起,感恩節習俗變得多樣化,但經常包含參與球賽、盛裝打扮,以及享用大餐。儘管感恩節主要是一個以和心愛的人分享大餐為主軸的世俗節日,許多人仍藉由參與教會服事以及餐前說禱詞來對上帝表示感謝。

And we ask that you look after us on this holiday season that we may never forget how very fortunate we are. Amen. Amen.
我們請求你在這佳節期間看護我們,讓我們可以永不忘記自己是多麼幸運。阿們。阿們。

Others help out the less fortunate by volunteering in the community. Along with turkey, Thanksgiving dinner often consists of stuffing, mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie. Beginning in the late 1940s, the National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation has evolved into a ritual in which a presidential pardon allows two turkeys to live instead of being turned into food.
其他人則藉在社區內自願服務來幫助較不幸的人們。除了火雞,感恩節晚餐經常包含餡料、馬鈴薯泥、蔓越莓醬,以及南瓜派。1940 年代晚期開始,全國感恩節火雞儀式逐漸演變成一項總統特赦允許兩隻火雞活下去而不是被變成食物的儀式。

You are hereby pardoned. Give them a round of applause.
你在此被赦免。給牠們熱烈的掌聲。

Various cities also hold annual parades: Detroit's American Thanksgiving Parade and New York City's Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade are some of the bigger and more well-known processions. The holiday has been associated with American football, and professional games have been played on Thanksgiving for decades. Many families follow the tradition of watching football or the Macy's Parade on Thanksgiving. They may also watch Thanksgiving-themed TV shows and films, as there have been many throughout the years.
許多城市也舉辦年度大遊行:底特律的美國感恩節遊行以及紐約的梅西感恩節大遊行是一些較大型且較有名的遊行活動。這節日也和美式足球有關聯,且職業球賽在感恩節進行已經有幾十年了。許多家庭在感恩節時遵循看橄欖球或梅西大遊行的傳統。他們也可能看些感恩節主題的電視節目及電影,隨著這些年來已經有許多這樣的影片。

And I'm thankful I get to spend Thanksgiving with my family, these alternative rockers, and my favorite bartender.
我很感謝我能夠和我的家人、這些非主流搖滾樂手,以及我最喜歡的酒保一起度過感恩節。

The day after Thanksgiving is known as Black Friday. While some schools and businesses are closed, many stores use the day to usher in the Christmas shopping season by holding major sales.
在感恩節後的那天被稱為「黑色星期五」。當一些學校和商店關門時,許多店家利用這天藉著舉辦大特賣來開啟聖誕購物季。

The observance of Thanksgiving is not without controversy. Some feel the holiday celebrates the violent conquest of Native Americans by the Europeans. This has led to some cities holding protest events, such as a National Day of Mourning, instead.
感恩節的舉行並非沒有爭議。有些人認為這節日慶祝歐洲人對印第安人的殘暴佔領。這使得一些城市取而代之舉辦抗議活動,例如全國哀悼日。

Holidays similar to Thanksgiving are also celebrated by other countries on various dates and for various reasons. For example, Canada celebrates Thanksgiving on the second Monday in October.
和感恩節相似的節日也被其他國家在不同的時間為各種理由慶祝。舉例來說,加拿大在十月的第二個星期一慶祝感恩節。

For more great history videos or some Thanksgiving recipe ideas, be sure to subscribe to WatchMojo.com.
想要有更多超棒歷史影片或一些感恩節食譜建議,一定要訂閱 WatchMojo.com。

  • 「照顧」- Look After

    And we ask that you look after us on this holiday season that we may never forget how very fortunate we are.
    我們請求你在這佳節期間看護我們,讓我們可以永不忘記自己是多麼幸運。

  • 「宣告、開創」- Usher In

    While some schools and businesses are closed, many stores use the day to usher in the Christmas shopping season by holding major sales.
    當一些學校和商店關門時,許多店家利用這天藉著舉辦大特賣來開啟聖誕購物季。

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