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「新手養狗狗:如何選擇適合自己的狗?」- How To Choose a Puppy: Tips on How to Pick a Puppy


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Hi, I'm Kathy Santo for IAMS with Howdini. Are you thinking of getting a dog?
嗨,我是來自愛慕思(狗食品牌)與Howdini合作的Kathy Santo。你正想著要養隻狗嗎?

Bringing a new dog into your home is a big responsibility. You'll need to take the time to train and socialize your dog, as well as be prepared for the financial commitment that goes with pet ownership. Your dog will need food, supplies, veterinary care, and more. Remember, he'll depend on you for his health and well-being. So be sure you're ready for a dog before you start the process.
將一隻新的小狗帶進你家是個重大的責任。你會需要花時間訓練並教你的狗適應社會,還要準備好伴隨著寵物飼養而來的財務承擔。你的狗將會需要食物、補給品、獸醫照護、還有更多東西。記得,牠會依賴你負責牠的健康和平安。所以在你開始流程之前要確定你已準備好迎接狗兒。

No surprise puppies! Make sure everyone in your household is on board with getting a puppy. Too often, puppies are given up, but the family isn't ready for the commitment that puppies require.
不要有驚喜的小狗!確保你家裡的每個人都支持養隻小狗。太經常發生的是,小狗被分送出來了,但那家庭並還沒準備好面對狗狗需要的那些承諾。

Once you've got through the commitments and responsibilities associated with dog ownership, the next step is to figure out what type of dog is right for you and your family. Today we're gonna discuss a variety of things you should think about before choosing your dog.
當你通過了和狗狗飼養有關的義務和責任,下一步是要想出哪種狗兒適合你和你的家人。今天我們要討論在選擇你的狗狗前,你應該要思考的種種事情。

What type of family do you have? Do you have kids or other pets?
你擁有的是什麼型態的家庭?你有孩子或其他寵物嗎?
What size of dog works best for your family?
什麼大小的狗對你的家庭最為合適?
Do you know how much cleaning and grooming time you can commit to?
你知道你可以投入多少清潔和理毛的時間嗎?
How much time do you have for training your new pup?
你有多少時間可以訓練你的新狗狗?
What energy level is a good fit for your home?
多少精力程度和你的家庭最能配合?
Is barking something to consider?
吠叫聲是需要考慮的條件嗎?
What kind of temperament is right for your family?
什麼樣的性格適合你的家庭?

We all know how cute puppies and dogs are, and it can be hard to resist when you go to pick them out. Remember, they'll have an easier transition into your home if you think about the best type of dog for you. Consider the following aspects to help you choose the best dog for you and your family.
我們全都知道小狗和狗狗有多可愛,當你去挑選牠們時會很難拒絕。記住,如果你先想想對你來說最適合的小狗種類,牠們進入你家就會有段比較輕鬆的過渡時期。考慮以下的面向,來幫助你為你和你的家庭選擇最適合的狗兒。

Large dogs. Generally they aren't suitable for apartment dwellers. They need a bit more space to move around, mostly for their long tails that need wagging space. They tend to be more expensive—more dog food supplies and medical treatment.
大型犬。牠們通常不適合公寓居民。牠們需要多一點點的空間來移動,大部分是牠們那需要擺動空間的長尾巴。牠們通常更貴一些--需要更多狗食補給和醫療。

Small dogs. They are more delicate and vulnerable. Being stepped on or mishandled can cause serious injury. Also, little dogs can be more sensitive to colder temperatures, so be ready to keep them warm. They're generally less expensive to maintain.
小型犬。牠們更嬌貴也更脆弱。被踩到或粗暴對待都會導致嚴重的傷害。同樣地,小狗狗對於較冷的溫度也可能更敏感,所以要準備好讓牠們保持溫暖。撫養牠們通常比較不貴。

How much cleaning up can you commit to? Long-coated and double-coated dogs shed, shed, and shed some more, leaving tufts of hair to float about the house and land everywhere. How much time are you willing to spend brushing or grooming? Make sure to consider the cost. A monthly grooming service can really add up over the years.
你可以投入多少清理時間?長毛和厚毛的狗狗會掉毛、再掉毛、又掉更多毛,留下幾縷毛髮漂浮在屋裡並四處落地。你願意花多少時間來刷毛或理毛?確定要考量到這筆花費。一個月一次理毛服務多年來確實會累計起來。

If you lack time and patience to deal with a dog that's difficult to train, then an older dog from a rescue may fit your bill, as well as a pup of a breed that is traditionally easier to train.
如果你缺少時間和耐性處理難以訓練的狗兒,那麼從救援所來的較年長狗狗可能符合你的需求、還有傳統上較容易訓練的狗狗品種也是。

Intelligence is not necessarily an indicator of trainability. Smart dogs often have their own agenda and require consistency on the part of their owners. Dogs with a willingness to work and a desire to please you often turn out to be the best companions. I recommend hiring a dog trainer to perform a few tests to help determine if the dog is a good fit for you.
智能不必然是可訓練性的指標。聰明的狗兒通常有牠們自己的訓練事項、並需要牠們主人那部分的配合。有著工作意願、有取悅你的渴望這種狗狗通常結果都是最棒的夥伴。我推薦雇用一位馴狗師來進行幾項測驗來幫助判定這隻狗是否適合你。

As a rule, terriers, hounds, and Northern dogs are tough to train because of their intelligence and independent natures, while sporting and herding dogs are easier to train. The sharpest working obedience breeds are Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, German Shepherds, and Shetland Sheepdogs—breeds that develop closely with humans.
通常梗犬、獵犬、和北方犬種都很難訓練,因為牠們的智能和獨立的天性,而運動犬和牧羊犬則容易訓練。最精明服從指令的品種為黃金獵犬、拉布拉多獵犬、邊境牧羊犬、德國牧羊犬、還有喜樂蒂牧羊犬--那些和人類親密發展的品種。

Some dogs enjoy lounging at your feet to sleep the day away, while others are very energetic and ready to run a marathon right alongside you. Cute as they are, Basset Hounds, Dachshunds, and Corgis are not jogging companions. And Airedales, German Shepherds, and Border Collies are not typical couch potatoes. All dogs need some exercise to stay healthy. Most adult dogs will not exercise themselves, so time for walks and other activities is important.
有些犬種喜愛在躺你的腳邊睡掉一整天,然而其他的犬種非常精力充沛,並準備就在你旁邊跑場馬拉松。雖然牠們很可愛,但巴吉度獵犬、臘腸犬、和柯基可不是慢跑夥伴。萬能梗、德國牧羊犬、邊境牧羊犬則不是典型的懶骨頭。所有狗狗都需要一些運動來維持健康。大部分的成犬不會自己運動,所以散步和其他活動的時間是很重要的。

Some dogs bark a lot. And the amount can vary by breed. Terriers and scent hounds use their voices to broadcast their progress in chasing prey. Shelties and Collies bark to tell the sheep to get back to the barn. Canaan dogs bark to alert their families of potential intruders. Many dogs will bark if they're bored, so owners should also be sure to assess their own time and ability for training, walking, and play times, and should properly confine the dog when they can't otherwise keep it from disturbing the neighbors.
有些狗很會叫。而吠叫的程度隨品種有所變化。梗犬和嗅覺獵犬利用牠們的聲音來散佈牠們追趕獵物的進度。喜樂蒂和邊境牧羊犬吠叫來告訴羊隻回到羊舍。卡南犬吠叫來警告牠們的家人有可能的入侵者。如果牠們無聊,許多狗會吠叫,所以飼主也一定要評估他們自己訓練、散步、和遊樂的時間,也應該適當地將制狗兒們關禁閉,如果他們用別的方法都無法阻止牠妨礙鄰居的話。

There are some special collars available to deter barking dogs and training methods that can help in some cases. But if potential owners take the noise factor into consideration, problems are more likely to be minimized.
有一些特別的鍊圈可以買來震懾住吠叫的狗狗,還有在某些場合下可以幫上忙的訓練方式。但如果潛在的飼主將噪音因素列入考慮,問題更有可能被減到最小。

Breed and temperament can be described, but there's room within that description for individuality. For example, Akitas are declared to be tough, loyal, aloof, dominant, aggressive to other animals, and often challenging. However, many Akitas are sweet and cuddly, love small critters, will climb in laps if allowed, and are anything but aloof and dominant.
品種和性格可以描述出來,但對於個別特性的描述還有空間。舉例來說,秋田犬聲稱是剛強、忠誠、冷漠、高高在上、對其它動物具威脅性、通常具挑戰性。然而,許多秋田犬都是可愛且逗人喜愛的、喜歡小動物、如果被允許的話會爬上大腿、且根本不冷漠和高高在上。

Terriers are scrappy, yappy, tough and independent, but Airedale Terriers bond very closely to their humans and are somewhat protective. Hounds follow their eyes or noses and are often oblivious to human presence. Dachshunds bond closely with their families, and Greyhounds and Whippets are sweet, gentle pets.
梗犬愛打鬥、喜歡吠叫、剛強又獨立,但萬能梗和牠們的主人非常親密,且有點防衛感。獵犬跟隨牠們的雙眼和鼻子,通常不在意人類的存在。臘腸犬和牠們的家庭非常緊密連結,而格雷伊獵犬和惠比特犬是可愛、溫馴的寵物。

Because temperament isn't always easy to judge when meeting a new dog, I strongly recommend hiring or asking a professional dog trainer to come with you to evaluate temperament. They'll be able to assess a dog's personality, compare it with your wish list, and determine what dog is the best fit for you. If you can't arrange this, ask the people who have interacted with the dog the most about his temperament.
因為在認識一隻新的狗兒時,性格不總是很容易評斷的,我強烈建議雇用或是詢問專業馴狗師和你一塊去評估性格。他們將能夠評估狗的個性,和你的意願清單比較、並決定哪種狗最適合你。如果你沒辦法安排這個,向最常和那種狗兒互動的人詢問牠的性格。

Once you've thought about the commitment and have a good idea of what type of dog is the best fit for your family's lifestyle, check out your local animal shelter or animal rescue to see if a new addition is waiting there for you.
當你想過那責任,且對於怎樣的狗對你的家人生活型態最合適有好的想法時,查看你當地的動物收容所或動物救援所,看看是否有新成員在那裡等著你。

I'm Kathy Santo for IAMS with Howdini, and I hope you find this helpful as you welcome your new addition into your family. For more information on puppy care and training, visit iams.com/puppy.
我是來自愛慕思(狗食品牌)與Howdini合作的Kathy Santo,我希望當你歡迎新成員到你的家庭時,你會覺得這有幫助。有關小狗照護和訓練的更多資訊,請到ams.com/puppy。

  • 「伴隨」- Go With

    You'll need to take the time to train and socialize your dog, as well as be prepared for the financial commitment that goes with pet ownership.
    你會需要花時間訓練並教你的狗適應社會,還要準備好伴隨著寵物飼養而來的財務承擔。

  • 「支持、贊同」- On Board

    Make sure everyone in your household is on board with getting a puppy.
    確保你家裡的每個人都支持養隻小狗。

  • 「符合需求」- Fit The Bill

    ...then an older dog from a rescue may fit your bill, as well as a pup of a breed that is traditionally easier to train.
    ...那麼從救援所來的較年長狗狗可能符合你的需求、還有傳統上較容易訓練的狗狗品種也是。

  • 「通常」- As A Rule

    As a rule, terriers, hounds, and Northern dogs are tough to train because of their intelligence and independent natures...
    通常梗犬、獵犬、和北方犬種都很難訓練,因為牠們的智能和獨立的天性...

  • 「花時間睡覺」- Sleep Away

    Some dogs enjoy lounging at your feet to sleep the day away, while others are very energetic and ready to run a marathon right alongside you.
    有些犬種喜愛在躺你的腳邊睡掉一整天,然而其他的犬種非常精力充沛,並準備就在你旁邊跑場馬拉松。

  • 「根本不、絕對不」- Anything But

    However, many Akitas are sweet and cuddly, love small critters, will climb in laps if allowed, and are anything but aloof and dominant.
    然而,許多秋田犬都是可愛且逗人喜愛的、喜歡小動物、如果被允許的話會爬上大腿、且根本不冷漠和高高在上。

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