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「狗狗入門班:黃金獵犬」- Dogs 101: Golden Retriever


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Could this be the perfect family pet? Well, considering that they are one of the lowest ranking barkers, and they don't have bad breath. That's a pretty good start. And what's this about an egg?
這是完美的家庭寵物嗎?嗯,考慮到它們是最少叫的狗狗之一,而且沒有口臭,那是很好的開始。那麼這個蛋怎麼了?

Amy Shojai: They have what's called a soft mouth. I've actually seen these dogs pick up two or three raw eggs in their mouth at a time without breaking them.
Amy Shojai:它們有所謂的軟嘴巴。我真的有看過這些狗用它們的嘴,一次撿起兩到三個生蛋而沒有打破它們。

Often referred to simply as "The Golden," the golden retriever is one of the most beloved dogs, and is always ranked high among the most popular breeds.
通常僅稱之為「The Golden」,黃金獵犬是最被喜愛的狗狗之一,而且總是位居最受歡迎的品種之頂端。

Amy Shojai: Golden retrievers are right at the top as far as pet goes. Very versatile, they are one of the top pets that are welcomed into homes today.
Amy Shojai: 就寵物而言,黃金獵犬位居其冠。它們非常多才多藝,是最被家庭歡迎的寵物之一。

And there happens to be a guy you can thank for this happy beautiful pooch, and he's got a funny name: Lord Tweedmouth, or if you prefer his given name, Sir. Dudley Marjoribanks. An avid hunter, Lord Tweedmouth lived near the banks of Loch Ness, and it was there, where he developed the dog in the 1860s with the love for the water and the desire to retrieve. Well, the Tweedsters knock this one out of the park.
對於這隻漂亮的混種狗狗,你剛好可以感謝一個人,而他有個好笑的名字(姓):Lord Tweedmouth,或是你喜歡他的本名(名),Sir Dudley Marjoribanks。身為一個熱衷的獵人,Lord Tweedmouth住在Loch Ness湖的岸旁,就在那邊,他在1860年代培育了這種愛水且喜愛銜回獵物的狗狗。嗯,這些黃金獵犬做得很好。

The American Kennel Club registered The Golden in 1925 and the breed flourished to the 30s and 40s, and has never lost its popularity. And if forbidding is your thing, look no further. They are rocking the good behavior hardwire.
美國狗舍俱樂部在1925年登記了黃金獵犬,這品種在30和40年代繁榮起來,並且從來沒有失寵。而如果你所要的是順從,不用再找了,它們在表現良好方面非常傑出。

Dr. Karen Halligan: Unique about the golden retriever is that they were the first ever AKC obedience trial champion.
Dr. Karen Halligan:黃金獵犬最特殊的地方是,它們是第一個美國狗舍俱樂部服從測試冠軍。

And that's like Miss Manners for dogs, an organization recognizing an excellent working relationship with their owners.
某組織意識到狗狗與主人間一種傑出的工作關係,而這就像是狗狗界的禮儀小姐。

Victoria Wells: They are so willing to work for the people they are bonded with. They are just so ready to please their families.
Victoria Wells:它們很願意為飼主工作,人狗合為一體。它們就是準備好要取悅它們的家人。

You don't have to bother saying "fetch" to these guys. Bred as hunters to retrieve fowl from water and land, they will run tirelessly all day.
你無需操心跟它們說「去撿」。被培育成從水裡和陸上銜回禽鳥獵物的獵人,它們可以整天毫無疲態地奔跑。

Goldens are a big dog, measuring around twenty-two inches in height and an average weight of sixty-five pounds. They sport a dense water-repellent coat with a good undercoat and a rich shades of golden coloring. A puppy's coat is almost always lighter than what it will be when it's an adult. Looking at a puppy's ears is a good indication of what color it will be when it grows up.
黃金獵犬是一種大型狗,身高二十二英吋(約五十六公分),平均體重六十五英磅(約三十公斤)。它們炫耀著濃密有下層絨毛的防水外套毛皮,以及濃密的金色。小狗的毛色幾乎總是要比成犬來得淡一些。檢視小狗的耳朵是它長大時將成為什麼毛色,很好的指標。

These dogs love to chew. Yup, it's that soft mouth again, bred to carry water fowl during the hunt. But sometimes it goes a little too far. Some bad reviews are taking a bite out of their reputation.
這些狗狗很愛咀嚼。是的,又談到那軟嘴巴,它生來就是為了在狩獵中銜回水禽的。但是有時候有點太超過了。一些不好的評論影響到它們的名聲。

Dr. Nicholas Dodman: Aggression is now a feature in some lines, not the whole breed, but you gotta watch out for it. And golden's actually number three on the National Bite Parade, and what is an epidemic of bites these days.
Dr. Nicholas Dodman:現在某些品種的特色是其攻擊性,不是全部的品種,但是你必須要小心。黃金獵犬實際上是在全國狗咬人排行榜上排名第三,這些日子狗咬人是一種流行時疫。

Who is number one and number two? The German Shepherd's at one, the Chow Chow at two. And like its retrieve along the Labrador, it has wet feet to aide in all that pedaling it loves to do. But with all that fetching and running, the golden retriever is prone to hip displeasure, a joint disorder common to many large breeds. It's caused by a loss of cartilage due to an abnormal formation in the hip. It can be quite painful and requires proper medical attention. Consult with your vet, if your golden shows signs of discomfort.
誰是第一和第二名呢?德國牧羊犬位居第一,鬆獅犬排名第二。拾物本能像拉不拉多犬一樣,它有潮濕的腳來幫助其所愛的划水動作。但是由於黃金獵犬的撿拾和跑步動作,它很容易罹患臀關節不適,一種大型狗間常見的關節疾病,此乃由臀部異常結構所致軟骨流失而引起的。這會非常痛且需要適當的醫療照顧。如果你的黃金獵犬表現出不適的樣子,諮詢你的獸醫吧。

For environment, goldens are versatile. But it's a bigger dog that requires activity.
從環境上來說,黃金獵犬是多才多藝的,但是它是較大型狗,需要活動。

Dr. Karen Halligan: I think the nice thing about golden retriever is they are gonna adapt to anywhere. They will be fine in the apartment as long as they get worked. You can put them on the farm. They'd have a bless.
Dr. Karen Halligan:我想關於黃金獵犬很棒的事,是它們在哪裡都可以適應。只要適當運動,它們在公寓裡也可以很好。你可以帶它們去農場。它們會很快活。

Hip displeasure is common. And if not properly exercised, these guys can pack on the pounds. There has also been a problem with cancer in the breed.
臀部不適是很普遍的。如果沒有適當運動,這些傢伙可以胖上好幾磅。這品種也有癌症的問題。

Dr. Karen Halligan: Lymphoma is a very common cancer in golden retriever. So you wanna make sure that you get a good line.
Dr. Karen Halligan:淋巴癌在黃金獵犬中是很常見的癌症。所以你要確定你有一隻優良血統的。

Grooming wise, you'll have to pay attention to their coat.
理毛方面,你將必須注意它們的毛皮。

Victoria Wells: Golden should be groomed regularly. You know, they need to be brushed. They need to get all the knots taken out with the slicker brush.
Victoria Wells:黃金獵犬應該定期理毛。你知道,他們必須被刷理。需要用針梳把所有毛結除掉。

Golden retrievers are extremely easy to train.
黃金獵犬非常好訓練。

Amy Shojai: They are more biddable than some other breeds, which means they are more eager to please.
Amy Shojai:它們跟其他品種相比是更為順從的,此意味著它們更渴望取悅人。

There's probably not a better pet for the entire family. But remember, it can be mouthy and a biter. So train them early to not bite. This is not a guard dog, unless the intruder hates getting licked. Every golden has its own unique personality and traits. But in general, goldens are born to run and are generally quite healthy. Keep that brush handy and don't slack with the training and you've got a great family dog.
對全家人來說,可能沒有更好的寵物了。但是記得,它可能會流口水,可能會咬人。所以及早訓練它們不要咬人。除非侵入者討厭被舔,這不是一隻看門狗。每隻黃金獵犬有他自己獨特的個性和特徵。但是一般來說,黃金獵犬生來就是要奔跑的,而且通常非常健康。常常刷理,不要懶於訓練,你已經有一隻很棒的居家狗狗了。

They just have a zest for life no matter what they do. They are just amazing dogs.
不論做甚麼,它們在生活上就是有無限熱情。它們是很棒很棒的狗狗。

註一:knock…out of the park 表現很好。本意用在棒球賽,打出全壘打。
註二:take a bite out of 影響,造成。

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