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Fun Fauna Facts
The Pomeranian is a proud, lively little dog. He's intelligent, eager to learn, and very loyal to his family. His docile temper and affectionate nature endear him to many. He is alert, inquisitive, and active—one of the most independent of the toy breeds. Let's get to know him.
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Don't let his fluffy cuteness fool you. The Pomeranian is closely related to wolves. He is a spitz breed, meaning he has several wolf-like characteristics. Other breeds that fall into this category include the Siberian Husky, the Alaskan Malamute, the Akita, and the Norwegian Elkhound. Spitz breeds typically have thick and dense fur, pointed ears and muzzles, and puffy tails that curl up and over their rears.
The Pomeranian is one of the most colorful dog breeds. Some dog breeds come in only one coat color; others have a few. The Pomeranian boasts one of the widest varieties of color options in one breed. The American Kennel Club list 23 accepted colors and combinations.
博美犬是毛色最豐富的品種之一。有些品種的狗只有一種毛色；有些則是幾種而已。博美犬擁有在單一品種中最豐富的毛色。美國犬業俱樂部就列出了 23 種被公認的顏色和組合。
Obedient dogs can be hard to come by, but the Pomeranian is inherently obedient and very intelligent. This makes this pup easier to train than more stubborn breeds, such as the Pekingese.
The Pomeranian takes his name from Pomerania, a region of northern Europe on the coast of the Baltic sea. It's believed that this is where the Pom was bred down in size from the larger spitz breeds. The original Pomeranian weighed 20 to 30 pounds, much larger than the Pom we know and love today.
博美犬這個名字源自於波美拉尼亞，是位於北歐地區的波羅的海沿岸。據說博美犬就是在那裡從比較大型的狐狸犬繁衍而來的。原始的博美犬重 20 到 30 磅（大約 9 到 14 公斤），比我們現在熟知和喜愛的博美犬大很多。
The Pomeranian's great temperament and cuddly attitude make him great for interacting with children. He is also popular as a therapy dog.
One of the earliest known Pomeranian fanciers was Michelangelo, the Italian sculptor, painter, and Renaissance man. Legend has it that while Michelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling, his Pomeranian sat relaxing on a silk pillow, watching the master at work. I can't say that the Pom was Michelangelo's muse or anything, but his charming presence certainly couldn't have hurt.
Before 1888, the Pomeranian was rather obscure. But that was the year Queen Victoria took a trip to Italy, where she saw her first Pomeranian named Marco. Of course, the Queen was quite fond of dogs in general, as avid viewers of Animal Facts know, but she fell in love with the Pomeranian. When the Queen of England becomes an advocate for a dog breed, people notice, so the breed's popularity exploded.
在 1888 年以前，博美犬比較鮮為人知。但那年維多利亞女王去義大利旅遊，在那邊遇見了她的第一隻博美犬，叫 Marco。當然，Animal Facts 的忠實觀眾應該知道，女王本來就非常喜歡狗，然而她卻特別愛上了博美犬。當英國女王成為某個品種的愛好者時，大家就會開始關注，因此這個品種的人氣也瞬間激增。
The Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show has awarded the "Best in Show" title to over 100 dogs during its long history. Eleven of those winners have been from the toy group, but only one of these was a Pomeranian. Great Elms Prince Charming II was the smallest dog in the ring at 4.5 pounds. But, apparently, his presence was much larger than the size. According to the New York Times, the small Pom was the choice of not only the judge but also the majority of the 7,500 spectators. Every time he was gaited, the crowd roared as approval.
「美國西敏寺犬展」在其悠久的歷史中已經頒發「全場總冠軍」的殊榮給超過 100 隻狗。其中有 11 隻狗是來自迷你犬的組別，但裡面只有一隻是博美犬。Great Elms Prince Charming II 是場上最小的狗，只有 4.5 磅（約 2 公斤）重。但很顯然，牠的氣質出眾，絲毫不遜色。根據《紐約時報》的報導，這隻小博美犬不僅獲得評審的青睞，也是在場 7500 位觀眾中，大多數人的最愛。每當牠踏出輕盈的步伐時，全場就會歡聲雷動。
More recently, Boo, the self-proclaimed world's cutest dog, is arguably the most famous Pomeranian of all time. With his unique, short haircut and plushy, cute face, Boo took the Internet by storm in the early 2010s on several fronts, particularly on Facebook and YouTube. Currently 12 years old, he's certainly no puppy, but Boo's Facebook page has over 16 million followers. If only I were a cute doggy. Boo's popularity eventually afforded him the chance to travel the world and even write a book.
近期，一隻自稱全世界最可愛的狗 Boo，大概是有史以來最著名的博美犬了。憑著獨特的短毛和一臉貴氣的可愛臉蛋，Boo 在 2010 年代初期風靡全網路，尤其是在 Facebook 和 YouTube 上。牠目前 12 歲，已經不再是小狗了，然而，Boo 的 Facebook 粉專還是有超過 1600 萬人追蹤。唉...如果我是隻可愛的狗狗該有多好。Boo 的人氣最終讓牠有機會環遊世界，甚至還出了一本書。
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Of the nine dogs on board the HMS Titanic, the two that were rescued were a Pomeranian and a Pekingese. It was reported that Margaret Hays on lifeboat number seven took her Pomeranian with her the night that the Titanic sank into the ocean.
在鐵達尼號（註）上的九隻狗中，被救出來的兩隻就是博美犬和獅子狗。據報導，在七號救生艇上的 Margaret Hays 帶著她的博美犬一起逃生，在鐵達尼號沈入大海的那一晚。
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註：影片中講者提及的 HMS Titanic 為口誤，正確的說法應是 RMS Titanic，原創作者也有在畫面上更正喔。