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「看美國,思索死刑廢存議題」- What If the Death Penalty Disappeared in the U.S.?


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What would happen if the death penalty just disappeared in the U.S.? The government could continue executions of the roughly 3,000 inmates currently sentenced to death, or retroactively sentence them to life without parole instead. From a financial standpoint, this would make a lot of sense. Death row inmates require stricter security that costs more money. And since prisoners can remain on death row for decades, that adds up. States would also save money on prosecutions. Death penalty cases can cost up to 10 times more than others. So, it's cheaper.
如果死刑就這樣從美國消失會怎樣?政府可以繼續執行目前約三千名死刑犯的處決,或溯及既往改判他們無期徒刑且不得假釋。就財政立場來看,這會實際許多。死囚需要更嚴密的看守,那花費更多錢。而因為囚犯可能在死牢待上好幾十年,那費用就增加了。各州也會省下訴訟費。死刑案可能比其他案件花上多達十倍的費用。所以,無期徒刑比較便宜。

But shouldn't serious criminals pay the ultimate price? Perhaps. But since 1973, more than 150 people on death row were eventually found innocent. Prisoners wait years, even decades, for execution, not knowing when or if it will come. And recently, changes in drugs used for lethal injection have resulted in gruesomely botched executions. Some prisoners have chosen not to appeal their cases to shorten the time they have to spend on death row.
不過難道重刑犯不該付出最終代價嗎?或許吧。但自 1973 年來,超過一百五十名被判死刑的人最終被證實是清白的。囚犯等待處決好幾年,甚至好幾十載,不知道那天何時到來,或那天是否會到。近來,注射死刑用藥的改變導致極拙劣的死刑執行案件。有些犯人選擇不上訴自己的案子以縮短他們等待處決的時間。

But doesn't the death penalty deter crime? Actually, murder rates in states without the death penalty have remained lower than states which have it. The death penalty is also disproportionately applied to minority offenders. So, no death penalty might mean a little more equality in the justice system, a lot of money saved, and more time for prosecutors to try other cases.
但死刑不是會嚇阻犯罪嗎?事實上,沒有死刑各州內的謀殺率比有死刑的州來得低。死刑也特別會被判在少數族裔犯罪者身上。因此,廢除死刑可能代表司法系統能有多一點平等、省下更多金錢,而檢察官能有更多時間審理其他案件。

  • 「合理、可行」- Make Sense

    From a financial standpoint, this would make a lot of sense.
    就財政立場來看,這會實際許多。

  • 「導致」- Result In

    And recently, changes in drugs used for lethal injection have resulted in gruesomely botched executions.
    近來,注射死刑用藥的改變導致極拙劣的死刑執行案件。

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