BBC English Class: The Causative
Is it B-A-N-A-N-N-A or B-A-N-A-N-A? No, B...no, A-N-A. No... Oh, I've got to go. Uh, I'll call you back.
是ㄒㄧㄤ ㄐㄧㄠˊ 還是 ㄒㄧㄤ ㄐㄧㄠ？不是，ㄒ...不對，ㄐㄧㄠ 啦。不... 噢，我得走了。我再打給你。
Hi, guys! Dan for BBC Learning English here. In this lesson, we're gonna cover the causative, which will have been explained to you in 90 seconds or less...I hope. Are you ready? Here we go.
嗨，大家!我是 BBC 學英文頻道的 Dan。這次這堂課，我們要來看使役動詞，那會在 90 秒或更短的時間內解釋給你聽...希望如此。你們準備好了嗎？開始。
So, check it out! This is my favorite bag in the whole wide world. I bought it in Japan about eight years ago. I desperately needed a bag. And at the time, I found this in a local shop for a very low price at 500 yen, which is next to nothing, basically. It's my favorite thing in the world, but unfortunately, because it's eight years old, it's got some signs of wear and tear. Can you see, here? And here, mostly.
Now, I'm a pretty fantastic person, because my mom calls me every morning and says, "Dan, you're fantastic." But fixing a bag is not something that I can do by myself, and so I'm gonna have to take it to a shop and have it repaired. Observe.
"I need to have my bag repaired." This means I'm gonna pay somebody to do this for me. This is called the causative. The formula is "have plus the object plus the past participle." See? "I need to have my bag repaired."
「我得去修我的包包。」這代表我要付錢請某個人替我做這件事。這被稱為「使役動詞」。公式是「have + 受詞 + 過去分詞」。看懂了嗎？「我得去修我的包包。」
What's really cool about the causative is that you can use it in negatives and questions, and you can use it in any tense, as long as you change the "have" verb. Remember that. Let me show you some examples:
使役動詞很酷的地方是，你可以把它用在否定句和問句，你可以用在任何一種時態，只要你把動詞 have 改掉就行了。記住那點喔。我來帶你們看一些例句：
"I've just had my house decorated." Present perfect.
"Will you have the car fixed?" Future simple.
"They aren't having their pay reduced." Present continuous.
Pretty cool, right? Did you get it? I'm sure you got it. But in case you didn't, log on to bbclearningenglish.com... Log on to bbclearningenglish.com for more information and a transcript of everything that I've just said.
滿酷的，對吧？你們懂了嗎？我很確定你們都懂了。但要是你不太清楚的話，就到 bbclearningenglish.com... 到 bbclearningenglish.com 觀看更多資訊，以及我剛說的內容的完整文稿。
I've been Dan. You've been fantastic. I've got to get to the shop and have my bag repaired. See you later.