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「太陽火辣辣,預防中暑 123」- How to Prepare for a Heatwave


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Major Disasters: How to Prepare during a Heatwave
重大災難:熱浪期間如何做好防備

In this video, you're going to learn how to prepare during a heatwave.
在這部影片中,你將學到在熱浪期間如何做好防備。

Should someone suffer heatstroke, alert the emergency services and follow their instructions. Transport the victim to a cool place. If possible, remove completely or loosen their clothing. Sprinkle water over them or cover them with dampen clothing, including their head and neck, in order to lower the body temperature. If the casualty is still conscious, give them some water to drink. If the casualty is not conscious but is still breathing normally, put them in the recovery position while awaiting the arrival of the emergency services.
萬一有人中暑,通報緊急救援服務並遵從他們的指示。將患者帶至陰涼處。可以的話,將衣物完全褪去或鬆開。灑水在患者身上,或用浸濕衣物覆蓋,包含他們的頭部和頸部,以降低體溫。若傷患仍有意識,讓他們喝點水。若傷患失去意識但仍正常呼吸,在等待緊急救援抵達期間讓他們呈復甦姿勢。

Here are the preventative measures you can take during periods of intense heat: Lower blinds and curtains and close window shutters. If possible, ventilate or even air-condition at least one room. Keep the windows closed as long as the interior temperature is cooler than the temperature outside. Create air currents when the outdoor air temperature is cooler than the indoor temperature.
以下是在酷熱時期你可以採取的預防措施:拉下百葉簾和窗簾,並將百葉窗關上。可能的話,至少有一間房間要保持通風或甚至開冷氣。在室內溫度比室外溫度低的期間關閉窗戶。當室外氣溫比室內涼爽時,讓空氣流動。

Avoid going out during the hottest periods of the day, which are between 11 a.m. and six p.m. If it is not possible to cool down in your home, spend at least two hours per day in a cooler place, such as public air-conditioned spaces.
避免在白天最熱的時段外出,也就是上午十一點到下午六點之間。如果你家裡的溫度無法降下的話,每天至少有兩個小時在比較涼爽的地方度過,例如有開放冷氣的空間。

Avoid physical exercise. If you go out, take a bottle of water with you, cover your head, and wear protective sun cream. Take cool showers and baths at regular intervals throughout the day without drying yourself off. Drink regularly, at least 1.5 liters per day. Do not consume any alcohol, coffee, or overly sugary drinks.
避免進行運動。如果你出去外面,隨身攜帶一瓶水、遮蓋頭部,並塗上防曬乳。一天當中定期沖冷水或泡冷水澡,且不要將身體擦乾。時常補水,一天至少要喝 1.5 公升。不要喝任何酒類、咖啡或過甜的飲料。

If you're in the company of elderly people, infants, or young children, be particularly vigilant, since heatstroke can take hold very quickly.
如果你身邊有年長者、幼兒或幼童,要特別提高警覺,因為中暑很可能一下就發作。

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