Major Disasters: How to Prepare during a Heatwave
In this video, you're going to learn how to prepare during a heatwave.
Should someone suffer heatstroke, alert the emergency services and follow their instructions. Transport the victim to a cool place. If possible, remove completely or loosen their clothing. Sprinkle water over them or cover them with dampen clothing, including their head and neck, in order to lower the body temperature. If the casualty is still conscious, give them some water to drink. If the casualty is not conscious but is still breathing normally, put them in the recovery position while awaiting the arrival of the emergency services.
Here are the preventative measures you can take during periods of intense heat: Lower blinds and curtains and close window shutters. If possible, ventilate or even air-condition at least one room. Keep the windows closed as long as the interior temperature is cooler than the temperature outside. Create air currents when the outdoor air temperature is cooler than the indoor temperature.
Avoid going out during the hottest periods of the day, which are between 11 a.m. and six p.m. If it is not possible to cool down in your home, spend at least two hours per day in a cooler place, such as public air-conditioned spaces.
Avoid physical exercise. If you go out, take a bottle of water with you, cover your head, and wear protective sun cream. Take cool showers and baths at regular intervals throughout the day without drying yourself off. Drink regularly, at least 1.5 liters per day. Do not consume any alcohol, coffee, or overly sugary drinks.
避免進行運動。如果你出去外面，隨身攜帶一瓶水、遮蓋頭部，並塗上防曬乳。一天當中定期沖冷水或泡冷水澡，且不要將身體擦乾。時常補水，一天至少要喝 1.5 公升。不要喝任何酒類、咖啡或過甜的飲料。
If you're in the company of elderly people, infants, or young children, be particularly vigilant, since heatstroke can take hold very quickly.