Today, Salzburg's pride in Mozart shows itself best not in museums, but in live concerts. Salzburg is a world class destination for live musical performances. Each summer, it hosts its famous Salzburg Festival. But Salzburg's busy all year long with over two thousand live performances in churches and palaces like this.
We're heading into the Mirabell Palace to hear a string quartet play in a splendid baroque hall. Mozart performed for the Prince Archbishop right here. And this evening, the Twins Quartet from Moscow play Mozart's Eine Kleine Nachtmusik.
The surrounding Mirabell Gardens, laid out in 1730, are a favorite with locals and tourists alike. Enjoying the garden, cathedral, castle view, it's easy to imagine how the Prince Archbishop must have reveled in such a vista that reminded him of all his secular as well as religious power.
We're heading two hours southeast of Salzburg to my favorite Salzkammergut town on my favorite Salzkammergut Lake. The tiny train station is across Lake Hallstatt from the postcard-pretty town by the same name: Hallstatt. Stefanie, a boat, meets each arriving train and glides scenically across the lake into town.
Lovable Hallstatt is a tiny town bullied onto a ledge between a mountain and a swan-ruled lake. Apart from the waterfall, which rips through its middle, Hallstatt is an oasis of peace. With the scarcity of level land, tall homes had their French door on the street-level top floor, and their water entrance several floors below.
The town, which originated as a salt mining center, is one of Europe's oldest, going back centuries before Christ. There was a Hallstatt before there was a Rome. In fact, because of the salt mining importance here, an entire age (the Hallstatt era from about 800 BC to 400 BC) is named for this once important spot. If you dug under these buildings, you'd find Roman and pre-Roman Celtic pavement stones from the ancient to prehistoric salt depot.
This cute little village was once the salt mining namesake of a culture that spread from France to the Black sea. Back then, salt was so precious because it preserved meat. And Hallstatt was, as its name means, the "place of salt."
A steep funicular runs up the mountain to Hallstatt's salt mine. It's one of many throughout the region that offer tours. At the mine, visitors slip into overalls, meet their guide and hike into the mountain. While this particular tunnel dates only from 1719, Hallstatt's mine claims to be the oldest in the world. In the tour, you'll learn the story of salt. Archaeologists claim that since 7000 BC, people have come here to get salt. A briny spring sprang here, attracting Bronze Age people.
Later, miners dug tunnels to extract the salty rock. They dissolved it into a brine, which flowed through miles of pipes (the oldest hewn out of logs) to Hallstatt and nearby towns, where the brine was, and still is, cooked until only the salt remained. A highlight is riding miner-style from one floor down to the next, praying for no splinters.
Through the centuries, Hallstatt was busy with the salt trade. Since it had no road access, people came and went by boat. You'll still see the traditional Fuhr boats, designed to carry heavy loads in shallow water. Herr Alfred Lenz makes the town's traditional boats from a two-hundred-year-old design. The oar lock is still made of that gut of a bull. Alfred claims an hour on the lake is worth a day of vacation.
過去幾個世紀，哈爾施塔特汲汲營營於鹽業貿易。由於它沒有陸路入口，人們靠船隻來回。你還是會看到傳統的富爾船，它是設計在淺水運載重擔的。Herr Alfred Lenz用一個兩百年歷史的設計為這個城鎮製作傳統的船隻。槳托仍然是用那公牛的腸子所做成的。Alfred聲稱在湖上一個小時就值得一天的假期。
- 「規畫、展示」- Lay out
The surrounding Mirabell Gardens, "laid out" in 1730, are a favorite with locals and tourists alike.
- 「陶醉、沉迷於」- Revel In
Enjoying the garden, cathedral, castle view, it's easy to imagine how the Prince Archbishop must've "reveled in" such a vista that reminded him of all his secular as well as religious power.
- 「撇開、除了」- Apart From
"Apart from" the waterfall, which rips through its middle, Hallstatt is an oasis of peace.
- 「過去」- Back Then
"Back then", salt was so precious because it preserved meat.
- 「用...製作而成、由於、缺少、超越」- Out Of
They dissolved it into a brine, which flowed through miles of pipes (the oldest hewn "out of" logs) to Hallstatt and nearby towns, where the brine was, and still is, cooked until only the salt remained.