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「除了嫦娥奔月,你聽過『玉兔』的故事嗎?」- Story of the Jade Rabbit of the Moon


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Hey guys, welcome to Off the Great Wall. I'm Dan.
嗨大家,歡迎來到 Off The Great Wall。我是 Dan。

And I'm Yi.
而我是 Yi。

We told you guys about the legend of Chang'e, the Lady of the Moon before. And a lot of you guys asked us about her companion, the Jade Rabbit, and how it came to be. So, here it is.
我們之前告訴過你們嫦娥的傳說,那個月亮上的女人。然後你們之中許多人詢問我們關於她的同伴,玉兔,以及牠是怎麼成為玉兔的。所以,這不就來了。

A long time ago in ancient China, there was a god called Wu Gang. Wu Gang's job in the heavens was to create divine medicine. And the most common of which was the pill of immortality, which all immortals have to take every thousand years to remain immortal. During a trip to Earth, Wu Gang gave a few pills of immortality to humans. Because of this, the Jade Emperor was furious, and punished Wu Gang by making him cut down a massive tree. There was a twist though. The tree was a magical laurel tree, and whatever Wu Gang cut from the tree, it would just grow right back. Thus Wu Gang was condemned to cut this tree for all of eternity.
很久很久以前在古代中國,有一位叫吳剛的神。吳剛在天庭的工作是製作仙藥。其中最常見的就是長生不老藥,那種藥所有神祇每千年都必須吃來保持長生不老。在一趟去凡間的旅程中,吳剛將幾粒長生藥丸給了人類。因此,玉皇大帝勃然大怒,並藉著讓他砍一棵巨大的樹來處罰吳剛。但這之中卻有個花招。這棵樹是一顆有魔力的桂樹,無論吳剛從樹上砍下什麼東西,它都會就立刻長回。因此吳剛被判砍這棵樹直到永遠。

The Jade Emperor needed someone else to man Wu Gang's post as divine medicine maker. He wanted to find someone who was trustworthy, responsible, and extremely honest. The Jade Emperor thought that humans are too smart and easily corrupted. So he decided to choose an animal for the job, and sent three divine beings down to Earth to take on the task of finding such an animal.
玉皇大帝需要另一個人來擔任吳剛作為仙藥製造者的職位。他想找一個值得信賴、負責任,並且全然老實的人。玉皇大帝覺得人類太過聰明而且容易墮落。所以他決定選一隻動物負責這工作,並派三位神仙下凡人間執行尋找這種動物的任務。

These three divine beings decided to conduct the search in a forest. They transformed themselves into three old men and sat in the middle of the forest and begged in a loud voice. "Please, help us. We are lost and have not eaten anything for three days. We are too weak to move, so please bring us some food." Many animals heard their cries and rushed to see what was happening.
這三位神仙決定在一個森林進行搜尋。他們把自己變成三個老人坐在森林中央然後大聲請求。「拜託,幫幫我們。我們迷路了而且已經三天沒吃任何東西。我們太虛弱無法移動,所以請帶給我們一些食物。」許多動物聽到他們的叫喊,並匆匆跑去看發生什麼事。
Three animals, in particular—the fox, the monkey, and the rabbit—were most sympathetic, and went into the forest to search for food for the men. The fox found some cassava, the monkey found some fruits, only the rabbit did not find any food even though it searched throughout the forest. When the rabbit came back to the old men and saw them eating the fruits and cassava, it felt very bad that it did not find them any food. So, the rabbit jumped into the fire to sacrifice itself, so the old men could eat it.
特別有三隻動物──狐狸、猴子和兔子──最富同情心,於是牠們跑進森林尋找食物給老人們。狐狸找到些樹薯、猴子找到些水果,只有兔子沒找到任何食物,即使它搜遍了森林。當兔子返回老人們身邊,並看到他們吃著水果和樹薯時,牠感到很抱歉因為牠沒給他們找到任何食物。於是,兔子躍入火推犧牲自己,這樣老人就可以吃牠了。

Oh my God! So the rabbit committed suicide?
我的天!所以兔子自殺了?

Rabbit suicided.
兔子自殺了。

Oh my God! It's so selfless of it.
天啊!牠太無私了。

This is definitely not a children's selflessness. No, it's not.
這絕對不是一種兒戲的無私。不,這不是。

So anyways, the three divine beings were so touched by the rabbit's selflessness that they decided to bring it back to heaven. The Jade Emperor heard about the rabbit's actions and was convinced that he had found his next divine medicine maker. The rabbit worked very hard to learn how to create divine medicine, and soon mastered the skills, making the emperor so happy that he decided to make the rabbit fur snow white with a dazzling heavenly glow. The rabbit fur was so white and smooth, just like precious jade, which is why other divine beings started to call the rabbit the Jade Rabbit.
總之無論如何,三位神仙深受兔子的無私感動,於是他們決定將牠帶回天庭。玉皇大帝聽到兔子的舉動,並確信他已找到他的下一任仙藥製造者。兔子非常努力地學習如何製造仙藥,且不久就掌握技巧,這使玉帝十分喜悅,並決定使兔子的毛變得雪白,且有著耀眼的神聖光輝。兔子的毛皮如此雪白滑順,就像珍貴的玉,這就是為何其他神仙開始叫兔子「玉兔」。

I thought jade was supposed to be green.
我以為玉應該要是綠色的。

No. But there is such thing as bai-yu, which is white jade as well.
不。但是有種東西是白玉,也就是白色的玉。

You know. Never...never...never seen white jade.
你知道。從...從...從來也沒見過白玉。

Well, it exists.
好吧,但它真的存在。

One day, the Queen Mother of the West King looking for the Jade Rabbit and asked for a few extra pills of immortality. The Jade Rabbit told the Queen Mother that each immortal can only receive one pill every thousand years, and the Jade Emperor forbad any additional pill be given. The Queen Mother was very upset and said, "What are you afraid of? You think that I will give these pills to mortals?" The Jade Rabbit did not dare to refuse the Queen Mother and gave her the extra pills. A short time later, the Jade Rabbit heard that the Queen Mother gave the pills to Houyi, who was a mortal, and was afraid that trouble will soon befallen.
有一天,西王母娘娘去找玉兔,並要求更多長生不老藥。玉兔告訴王母娘娘每位神每千年才能得到一顆藥丸,而且玉皇大帝禁止任何額外的藥丸被分送出去。王母娘娘十分生氣,並說:「你在怕什麼?你是覺得我會把這些藥丸給凡人嗎?」玉兔不敢拒絕王母娘娘,給了她額外的藥丸。不久之後,玉兔聽到王母娘娘把藥丸給了后羿,他是個凡人,就害怕災難不久會降臨。

One day, enraged Jade Emperor came to the Jade Rabbit. As the heaven shocked, the Jade Rabbit fell on its knees and confessed that it gave the extra pills to the Queen Mother of the West out of fear, and would therefore accept any punishment the emperor deemed. The Jade Emperor saw that the Jade Rabbit admitted its mistake, so he asked the rabbit to determine a fitting punishment for itself.
一天,震怒的玉皇大帝來到玉兔那。當天庭震動,玉兔雙膝跪地,並坦承是牠出於畏懼給了王母娘娘更多藥丸,因此將接受任何玉帝覺得牠該受的懲罰。玉皇大帝看玉兔承認自己的過錯,於是他就叫玉兔替自己決定一個適合的懲處。

The Jade Rabbit thought about this and knew that it was responsible for Chang'e, now living in the lonely Moon Palace. So the Jade Rabbit told the emperor that the punishment should be that the Jade Rabbit will also go live in the Moon Palace with Chang'e and be lonely forever, and also continue to make medicine. The Jade Emperor thought this was a great idea. And this way, no divine beings can have access to the Jade Rabbit and the pill of immortality.
玉兔想想,然後知道牠該對嫦娥付出責任,她現在住在淒涼的廣寒宮內。於是玉兔告訴玉帝那懲罰應該是,玉兔也會去和嫦娥住在廣寒宮,並永遠孤寂,但也還是會繼續製藥。玉皇大帝覺得這是個好主意。如此一來,不會有神仙可以靠近玉兔和長生不老藥。

So, how did the Jade Rabbit think that it was responsible for Chang'e living on the moon? Explain.
所以,玉兔怎麼會覺得自己該對嫦娥住在月亮上負責?請解釋。

Well, if you remember, Houyi was the guy who received the immortality pill from the Queen Mother of the West, right? And see, Houyi's wife is Chang'e, and Houyi, who received the pill did not actually get to eat it. His wife did. And then, she, you know, flew off onto the moon and lived in the Moon Palace so she's now lonely. And of course, I don't think that the rabbit is responsible, but it really blames itself. So now, it's like the faithful companion of Chang'e.
嗯,如果你記得,后羿就是從王母娘娘那得到長生不老藥的人,對吧?然後你看,后羿的妻子是嫦娥,可后羿,拿到藥丸的人其實沒能吃到藥。是他的老婆吃的。於是她,你知道,就飄到月亮上並住在廣寒宮,所以她現在孤孤單單的。但當然,我不覺得兔子有責任,但牠真的很內疚。 於是現在,它就像是嫦娥的忠實夥伴。

I see. And we see them together all the time now.
我懂了。然後我們現在常常看他們在一起。

One plus one does equal two.
一加一的確等於二。

Chinese legends are very much like the Greek legends, if you guys have ever, you know, read the Iliad. It's like, "Wow, this relationship with this, you know, it's really complicated and everyone's related to everybody."
中國傳奇和希臘傳說十分相似,如果你們曾經,你知道,讀過伊里亞德(希臘史詩)。這就像是:「哇,這個和這個的關係,你知道,這真的很複雜而且每個人都和每個人有關連。」

Right. So, you know, if you want to check out the story about Houyi and Chang'e, you can check out the video we already made, and it'll explain the details in there.
是的。所以,你知道,如果你想看看關於后羿與嫦娥的故事,你可以看看我們已經做好的影片,而影片內會說明所有細節。

  • 「從事、進行」- Take On

    So he decided to choose an animal for the job, and sent three divine beings down to Earth to take on the task of finding such an animal.

    所以他決定選一隻動物負責這工作,並派三位神仙下凡人間執行尋找這種動物的任務。

  • 「特別、尤其」- In Particular

    Three animals, in particular —the fox, the monkey, and the rabbit—were most sympathetic, and went into the forest to search for food for the men.
    特別有三隻動物──狐狸、猴子和兔子──最富同情心,於是牠們跑進森林尋找食物給老人們。

  • 「跪下」- Fall On One's Knees

    As the heaven shocked, the Jade Rabbit fell on its knees and confessed that it gave the extra pills to the Queen Mother of the West out of fear, and would therefore accept any punishment the emperor deemed.
    當天庭震動,玉兔雙膝跪地,並坦承是牠出於畏懼給了王母娘娘更多藥丸,因此將接受任何玉帝覺得牠該受的懲罰。

  • 「時常」- All The Time

    I see. And we see them together all the time now.
    我懂了。然後我們現在常常看他們在一起。

  • 「看看」- Check Out

    So, you know, if you want to check out the story about Houyi and Chang'e, you can check out the video we already made, and it'll explain the details in there

    所以,你知道,如果你想看看關於后羿與嫦娥的故事,你可以看看我們已經做好的影片,而影片內會說明所有細節。

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