BBC English Class: Participle Clauses
Hi, guys! Dan for BBC Learning English here. In this lesson, we're going to be looking at participle clauses, all right? Now, before we begin, it's extremely important to understand that participle clauses can be a big, scary area of grammar, all right? It's an absolutely huge area. But don't worry, because we can take it nice and slowly. I'm here. I'm gonna keep you safe, all right? We're only gonna focus on one particular area of grammar. Now, having explained that, I can start the timer. Are you ready? Here we go.
嗨，大家!我是 BBC 學英文的 Dan。在這堂課中，我們要來看分詞構句，沒問題嗎？現在，在我們開始之前，有件很重要的事要知道，分詞構句在文法中可能是一個巨大嚇人的領域，好嗎？它涵蓋的範圍非常廣。不過別擔心，因為我們可以好好慢慢地了解。我就在這。我會負責你的安全的，好嗎？我們只會聚焦在一個特定的文法領域上。現在，解釋完了，我可以開始計時。你準備好了嗎？來囉。
So, participle clauses are a way of linking two smaller clauses together in a complex sentence. They usually start with an "-ing," but not always. And today's lesson, we'll be focusing on causation, which means "because." Okay? Are you ready for your first example? Here we go.
Being a man, I shave every day.
"Being a man, I shave every day."
Here, "being a man" means "because I am a man." Did you notice the change of verb? "Because I am a man"—"am" becomes "being" and moves to the beginning of the sentence. Did you get it? Good.
在這句，「being a man」代表「因為我是個男人」。你有注意到動詞的改變嗎？「Because I am a man(因為我是個男人)」－－這句的 am 變成 being 然後移到句首。懂了嗎？很好。
Let's look at a second example. Being young, I made a lot of mistakes. Mmm? I said I was sorry! Some people are so unforgiving.
"Being young, I made a lot of mistakes."
Here, "being young" means "because I was young." Did you notice the difference? "Being a man"—"because I am a man." "Being young"—"because I was young." The participle clause doesn't change its form even though the meaning is in a different tense. Did you get it? Good.
這裡，「being young」代表「因為我年紀輕」。你注意到不同的地方了嗎？「Being a man」－－「因為我是一個男人」。「Being young」－－「因為我年紀輕」。即使句意的時態不同，分詞構句也不會改變它的形式。了解嗎？很好。
Let's try one more example. Having tried the coffee... Ugh, it's disgusting! ...I don't recommend it. Here...oh!
"Having tried the coffee, I don't recommend it."
"Having tried the coffee" means "because I have tried the coffee" or "because I tried the coffee"—either present perfect or past simple. By using "having" plus a past participle, we emphasize that the action has been finished before the main verb of the main clause. Did you get it? Good. I hope so.
「Having tried the coffee」就是說「因為我喝過那咖啡」或「因為我喝了那咖啡」－－不是現在完成式就是過去簡單式。利用 having 加上一個過去分詞，我們強調那個動作是在主要子句的主要動詞發生前就完成了。你懂了嗎？很好。希望如此。
Now, having explained that to you, I hope you fully understand everything. But in case you didn't, please log on to bbclearningenglish.com for a full transcript, explanation, and activities on participle clauses. Good job, guys! Couldn't make it this week. Hopefully next week. I've been Dan. You've been fantastic. See you later.
現在，向你說明完了，我希望你全都有弄懂。不過要是你還是不清楚，請到 bbclearningenglish.com 觀看有關分詞構句的完整文稿、解說以及練習活動。幹得好，各位!這禮拜沒有成功。希望下禮拜可以做到。我是 Dan。你們超棒的。再會。
- 「集中於」- Focus On
We're only gonna focus on one particular area of grammar.
- 「假如、萬一」- In Case
But in case you didn't, please log on to bbclearningenglish.com for a full transcript, explanation, and activities on participle clauses.
不過要是你還是不清楚，請到 bbclearningenglish.com 觀看有關分詞構句的完整文稿、解說以及練習活動。