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「文法好簡單:零冠詞的使用時機」- BBC English Class: Using Zero Articles


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BBC English Class: Zero Articles
BBC 英文班:零冠詞

Hi, guys! My name is Dan, and I'm talking to you for BBC Learning English in front of the BBC, which is filmed at Broadcasting House. This lesson, we're gonna look at zero articles—that is, when we don't use "a," "an," or "the" in front of a noun in English. And as usual, I'm gonna do it all...in 90 seconds. Are you ready? Here we go.
嗨,大家!我是 Dan,我現在在英國廣播公司前面代表 BBC 學英文頻道和你們說話,這是在廣播大樓前拍攝的。這一堂課,我們要來看零冠詞--也就是,當我們不放 a、an 或 the 在一個英文名詞前的時候。老樣子,我會全部講完...在 90 秒內。你準備好了嗎?開始。

Rule number one: We don't use an article when talking in general about plural or uncountable nouns. For example, "Life is so hard for English teachers." When I'm talking about life and English teachers, I mean all life and all English teachers. It's a generalization. Okay?
規則一:當泛指所有複數或不可數名詞時,我們不使用冠詞。例如,「英文老師的生活真是苦。」當我在說生活和英文老師時,我指的是所有生活和所有英文老師。這是泛指一般狀況。懂嗎?

Rule number two: We don't use an article when referring to proper nouns—that is, a noun which has a specific name. Do you remember I mentioned Broadcasting House? Broadcasting House is the name of the building, and I don't use an article. "Last holiday, I sailed across Lake Victoria; I saw Niagara Falls; I climbed Mount Everest; I went to London at Christmas; I walked down Oxford Street, saw Imperial College and went to Great Ormond Street Hospital."
規則二:提到專有名詞時,我們不用冠詞--也就是,一個有特定名稱的名詞。你記得我有提到廣播大樓嗎?廣播大樓是那棟建築物的名稱,因此我不加冠詞。「上個假期,我航越維多利亞湖;我造訪尼加拉大瀑布;我攀爬聖母峰;我在聖誕節時去倫敦;我沿著牛津街漫步、參觀帝國學院,然後還去了大奧蒙德街醫院。」

Now, there's a long list of these types of nouns that don't use an article in English. They include lakes, islands, beaches, mountains, streets, hospitals, stadiums, parks...churches, temples, universities, languages, religions, days of the week, months, holidays, and, of course, people like me. Blimey!
現在,英文中這種不用冠詞的名詞有很長一串清單。它們包含湖泊、島嶼、海灘、山脈、街道、醫院、體育場、公園...教堂、廟宇、大學、語言、宗教、星期、月份、節日,當然還有,像我一樣的人們。天哪!

Rule number three: We don't use an article when referring to certain times. For example, "Ghosts come out at night." "Today was lovely. Thank you. I'll see you tomorrow." Or, "I think I took a shower last week."
規則三:在談論特定時間時,我們不用冠詞。舉例來說,「鬼在夜晚出沒。」「今天真不錯。謝謝你。我們明天見吧。」或是,「我想我上星期有洗澡。」

Now, for more information on this and other types of English grammar, please check out bbclearningenglish.com. I've been Dan. You've been fantastic. And that is perfect timing. Bye, guys.
想知道更多有關零冠詞或其它英文文法的資訊,請到 bbclearningenglish.com。我是 Dan。你們超棒的。時間抓得真準。大家再見。

  • 「大體上、整個地」- In General

    We don't use an article when talking in general about plural or uncountable nouns.
    當泛指所有複數或不可數名詞時,我們不使用冠詞。

  • 「談論、提到」- Refer To

    We don't use an article when referring to proper nouns—that is, a noun which has a specific name.
    提到專有名詞時,我們不用冠詞--也就是,一個有特定名稱的名詞。

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