BBC English Class: Zero Articles
Hi, guys! My name is Dan, and I'm talking to you for BBC Learning English in front of the BBC, which is filmed at Broadcasting House. This lesson, we're gonna look at zero articles—that is, when we don't use "a," "an," or "the" in front of a noun in English. And as usual, I'm gonna do it all...in 90 seconds. Are you ready? Here we go.
嗨，大家!我是 Dan，我現在在英國廣播公司前面代表 BBC 學英文頻道和你們說話，這是在廣播大樓前拍攝的。這一堂課，我們要來看零冠詞－－也就是，當我們不放 a、an 或 the 在一個英文名詞前的時候。老樣子，我會全部講完...在 90 秒內。你準備好了嗎？開始。
Rule number one: We don't use an article when talking in general about plural or uncountable nouns. For example, "Life is so hard for English teachers." When I'm talking about life and English teachers, I mean all life and all English teachers. It's a generalization. Okay?
Rule number two: We don't use an article when referring to proper nouns—that is, a noun which has a specific name. Do you remember I mentioned Broadcasting House? Broadcasting House is the name of the building, and I don't use an article. "Last holiday, I sailed across Lake Victoria; I saw Niagara Falls; I climbed Mount Everest; I went to London at Christmas; I walked down Oxford Street, saw Imperial College and went to Great Ormond Street Hospital."
Now, there's a long list of these types of nouns that don't use an article in English. They include lakes, islands, beaches, mountains, streets, hospitals, stadiums, parks...churches, temples, universities, languages, religions, days of the week, months, holidays, and, of course, people like me. Blimey!
Rule number three: We don't use an article when referring to certain times. For example, "Ghosts come out at night." "Today was lovely. Thank you. I'll see you tomorrow." Or, "I think I took a shower last week."
Now, for more information on this and other types of English grammar, please check out bbclearningenglish.com. I've been Dan. You've been fantastic. And that is perfect timing. Bye, guys.
想知道更多有關零冠詞或其它英文文法的資訊，請到 bbclearningenglish.com。我是 Dan。你們超棒的。時間抓得真準。大家再見。
- 「大體上、整個地」- In General
We don't use an article when talking in general about plural or uncountable nouns.
- 「談論、提到」- Refer To
We don't use an article when referring to proper nouns—that is, a noun which has a specific name.