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「文法好簡單!情態助動詞」- English Modal verbs - Learn English


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Unit 49: A Terrific Teacher
第 49 課:一位超棒的老師

Andrew, I'm having a few problems with modal verbs.
Andrew,我對情態助動詞有幾個問題。

Don't worry, Emily. They're a bit like...a jigsaw puzzle! It's simply a question of time. You can do anything if you put your mind to it.
別擔心,Emily。情態助動詞有點像...拼圖!這只是時間的問題。只要妳花心思了解,妳就通通都會了。

Can you help me then?
那你可以幫我嗎?

No problem! We'll start with one of the most common verbs. The verb "can" expresses ability or permission. "I can play tennis," or "Can I go with you?"
沒問題!我們來從一個最常見的動詞開始。動詞「can(會、可以)」表示能力或許可。「我會打網球」或是「我可以和你去嗎?」

And what about "may" and "could"?
那麼「may(可以)」和「could(可以)」呢?

Use "may" or "could" for permission. "May I come in?" or "Could I go with you?"
用「may(可以)」或「could(可以)」來表達許可。「我可以進來嗎?」或「我可以和你去嗎?」

Right. Aren't "may" and "could" also used for possibility?
嗯。不過「may」和「could」不是也會用來表達可能性嗎?

Yes. That's right. "It may rain." But for remote possibility, you could use "might." "It might also snow."
對。沒錯。「可能會下雨。」但要表達極小的可能性,你可以用「might(可能)」。「也有可能下雪。」

And what do I use for obligation?
那我要用什麼來表示責任呢?

You must use "must" or "have to." "I must catch my train," or "I have to catch my train."
妳一定得用「must(必須)」或「have to(得)」。「我必須趕上火車」或「我得趕上火車」。

Right. And what about "should"?
嗯。那麼「should(應該)」呢?

You should use "should" for giving advice and recommendations. "You should drink more water," and "You should try the new Chinese restaurant."
妳應該用「should(應該)」來提供意見和建議。「你應該多喝水」還有「你應該試試新的那家中式餐廳」。

"Will" is for the future, isn't it?
「Will(將會)」是用在未來的,對吧?

Yes. "Will" is the best form of the future in all cases—even for the first person. "I will see you tomorrow."
對。「Will(將會)」是在所有情況中最好用的未來式--甚至是用在第一人稱。「我們明天見。」

And what about "shall"?
那「shall(好嗎、要不要)」呢?

"Shall" is for making suggestions and offering help. "Shall we have a drink?" and "Shall I carry your bag?"
「Shall(好嗎、要不要)」是用來提出建議和提供協助的。「我們要不要喝一杯?」還有「我幫你提袋子好嗎?」

Oh, thank you, Andrew. This is a very interesting lesson. You are a terrific teacher! I'm going to make a frame for this lesson to keep forever. Can I also have a photo of you to put it in my frame?
噢,謝謝你,Andrew。這是堂非常有趣的課。你是個很棒的老師!我要做一個這堂課的相框永遠留著。我還可以要一張你的相片來擺到相框裡嗎?

Let me get the frame for you. Then I can dedicate it to you.
讓我幫妳用那相框吧。那樣我就可以把它送給妳。

To my best student,
獻給我最出色的學生:

With love, from Andrew.
滿滿的愛,Andrew。

Oh, thank you, Andrew!
噢,謝謝你,Andrew!

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