How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
All sentences have two things in common: One is that they all have at least one subject and at least one verb. So today I'm gonna talk to you about how to find the subject of your sentence. We'll start with the shortest sentence in the Bible for an example. Jesus wept. So if we wanna find the subject, which is either a noun or a pronoun, I suggest first finding the verb. They tend to be easier to locate. The verb is the action of the sentence, so here, our action is wept. Now, once we found the action, we need to find our actor. Well, Jesus is the one who is weeping, so he is the actor, or the subject.
Now, I'll give you another example. That's a simple sentence. It can be a little harder to find the subject when you get into more complex sentences. So here's an example: The crowd cheered for Lady Gaga. Well, let's start by finding our verb. The action here is the word "cheered." So who is our actor, or the subject? Well, it's the crowd that's cheering. So the crowd cheered for Lady Gaga; the crowd is our subject. It's important to note that although Lady Gaga might be the most interesting part of the sentence, she's not the subject because she's not the one performing the action.
現在，我要給你另一個例句。上一句是個簡單的句子。當你碰到更複雜的句子時，找出主詞可能會比較困難一點。這裡是個例句：群眾為 Lady Gaga 歡呼。嗯，我們先從找出我們的動詞開始。這裡的動作是「歡呼」這詞。所以誰是我們的行為者，或主詞呢？這個嘛，歡呼的是群眾。所以群眾為 Lady Gaga 歡呼；群眾是我們的主詞。注意這件事是很重要的，雖然 Lady Gaga 可能是句子中最有趣的部份，但因為她不是做出動作的人，所以她並不是主詞。
So I hope this helps you understand how to identify the subject of your sentence.