使用chrome瀏覽器,輕鬆學英文。

如有任何問題,歡迎聯絡我們

希平方
攻其不背
App 開放下載中
希平方
攻其不背
App 開放下載中

「神奇文法:與過去事實相反之假設語氣」- Third Conditional


框選或點兩下字幕可以直接查字典喔!

We all have things in our past we'd like to forget. Think about your past. Did you make a mistake? Did an opportunity pass by you? Well, with the third conditional, you can change the past...change the past...change the past...
我們都有一些想要忘記的往事。想想你的過去。你犯過錯嗎?一個機會從你身邊溜走嗎?這個嘛,使用與過去事實相反的假設語氣,你就可以改變過去...改變過去...改變過去...

I'm not a regular doctor. I'm William Walliams and I'm a scientist. Now, here's the science base.
我不是一個普通的博士。我是 William Walliams,我是個科學家。現在,這裡是科學基地。

One day I was in my science laboratory, where I do science, and I thought about my past. My past could be different, with little changes to my past actions. But that's impossible to change the past. Then I found the answer! We imagine an alternative past with a third conditional.
有一天我在我的科學實驗室裡,我在那作研究,然後我想起我的過去。我的過去可以不一樣,只要對我過去的行為做出小小的變動。但改變過去是不可能的。然後我找到答案!我們可以用與過去事實相反的假設語氣,來想像出另一種過去。

Person X is living his or her life, which is represented by this timeline. But he or she feels bad about a situation in the past, showing here as mistake A. He or she wants to imagine this event didn't happen, or happened differently. They can get a second chance with the third conditional!
X 人士度過他或她的人生,那人生用這條時間軸表示。但他或她對過去發生的一個狀況感到懊惱,在這裡顯示為錯誤 A。他或她想要想像這件事情並沒有發生,或發生得不一樣。他們可以用與過去事實相反的假設語氣來得到第二次機會!

The third conditional lets you imagine an alternative past...in your mind. It works like a spell in Harry Potter. Simply say a third conditional sentence in the correct form like this: for the situation we want to change, "if" and "had" or "had not" for a negative, or "had not" together "hadn't," and a verb three, or past participle. We want to change this situation. And we imagine the results of that change, using "would" or "would not" for a negative, or the contraction "wouldn't"; "have" and a verb three, or past participle.
與過去事實相反的假設語氣讓你想像出另一種過去...在你的腦袋裡。那效果就像《哈利波特》裡面的咒語。只要以正確型態說出一個像這樣與過去事實相反的假設語氣句子:對於我們想要改變的情況,「if(如果)」和「had(曾)」或否定的「未曾(had not)」,或「had not」連在一起成「hadn't」,加上一個動詞第三態,或稱過去分詞。我們想要改變這個情況。我們想像那變動造成的結果,使用「would(會)」或否定的「would not(不會)」,或縮寫「wouldn't」;「have(曾)」和一個動詞第三態,或過去分詞。

For example, Person X will say, "If I hadn't drunk tequila last night, I wouldn't have had a hangover this morning."
例如,X 人士會說:「如果我昨晚沒有喝龍舌蘭酒,我今早就不會宿醉了。」

Hello, Person Y! What would you like to change from the past?
哈囉,Y 人士!你想改變過去發生的什麼事?

I didn't study for my test.
我沒有準備考試。

And what happened?
然後怎麼了?

I failed.
我被當掉了。

So, let's imagine a different past.
那麼,我們來想像一個不一樣的過去。

If I had studied, I would have passed.
如果我有讀書,我就會通過考試了。

It's that easy! Get your second chance today with William Walliams' third conditional! Call now! You won't regret it.
就是那麼簡單!今天就用 William Walliams 的與過去事實相反的假設語氣來獲得第二次機會吧!馬上來電!你不會後悔的。

播放本句

登入使用學習功能

使用Email登入

HOPE English 播放器使用小提示

  • 功能簡介

    單句重覆、上一句、下一句:顧名思義,以句子為單位重覆播放,單句重覆鍵顯示橘色時為重覆播放狀態;顯示灰色時為正常播放狀態。按上一句鍵、下一句鍵時就會自動重覆播放該句。
    收錄佳句:點擊可增減想收藏的句子。

    中、英文字幕開關:中、英文字幕按鍵為綠色為開啟,灰色為關閉。鼓勵大家搞懂每一句的內容以後,關上字幕聽聽看,會發現自己好像在聽中文說故事一樣,會很有成就感喔!
    收錄單字:用滑鼠框選英文單字可以收藏不會的單字。
  • 分享
    如果您覺得本篇短片很有趣或很喜歡,在短片結束時有分享連結,可以分享給朋友一同欣賞,一起看YouTube學英文!

    或是您有收錄很優秀的句子時,也可以分享佳句給大家,一同看佳句學英文!