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「文法好簡單!主詞與動詞一致性」- Verb to Use


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So I'm gonna talk to you about subject and verb agreement, particularly when you're dealing with one subject that is plural and one subject that is singular in the same sentence.
我要來和你們聊聊主詞與動詞的一致性,特別是當你面對同一句中有一個主詞是複數然後一個主詞是單數時。

It's really important that the subjects and the verbs in your sentences agree in terms of plurality. As a colleague of mine at Gotham Writers Workshop's likes to say,
"When your subjects and your verbs don't agree, you have to send them to couples therapy." So in my grammar class, we send a lot of sentences to couples therapy. They laugh, they cry, they smoke a cigarette, and they come back much better sentences.
你句子中的主詞和動詞在複數形式上一致是非常重要的。就像我一位在 Gotham Writers Workshop 的同事愛說的一句話:「當你的主詞和動詞不一致時,你得把它們送去伴侶治療。」所以在我的文法課,我們送很多句子去伴侶治療。它們大笑、它們哭泣、它們抽菸,然後它們成為更好的句子回來。

So to make sure that your subject and your verb agree when you're dealing with two subjects in the same sentence and one is singular and one is plural, here's what you do. I'm gonna give you an example of a sentence that has two subjects—one is plural and one is singular. In this case, the sentence is "The boys and Jill run to the movie theater." So, one of our subjects is "the boys," and we also have "Jill." "The boys" are plural, "Jill" is singular, but together, they form a complete plural subject. So, in this case, we need the plural form of the verb "run." And to get the plural form of the verb, we drop the "s."
所以要確認你的主詞和動詞一致,在你面對同一句裡兩個主詞有一個是單數,然後一個是複數這樣的狀況時,你就這樣做。我要給你一個一句裡有兩個主詞的例子--一個主詞是複數然後一個是單數。這個例子中,那句子是「男孩們和 Jill 跑去電影院。」所以,其中一個主詞是「男孩們」,另外我們還有「Jill」。「男孩們」是複數,「Jill」是單數,但放在一起,它們整個就形成一個複數主詞。所以,這個例子中,我們需要「run (跑)」這個動詞的複數形式。而要得到那動詞的複數形式,我們將「s」去掉。

So, as a general rule of thumb, whenever you have a sentence with more than one subject or actor (in this case, we have "Jill" plus "the boys"), the subject is plural, and therefore, we need the plural verb.
所以,當作一個基本法則,每當你有一句含超過一個主詞或行為者的句子時(這個例子中,我們有「Jill」加上「男孩們」),那主詞就是複數,因此,我們就需要複數動詞。

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