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「文法好簡單:『現在簡單式』和『現在進行式』哪裡不一樣?」- Present Simple and Present Progressive


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Hi, everyone! I'm Nick Shepherd. Welcome. This is about the difference between the present simple and the present progressive. "I work" or "I am working"? "She works" or "She is working"? "You work" or "You are working"? Which one?
嗨大家!我是 Nick Shepherd。歡迎收看。這部是關於「現在簡單式」和「現在進行式」之間的差別。I work(我工作)還是 I am working(我正在工作)?She works(她工作)還是 She is working(她正在工作)?You work(你工作)還是 You are working(你正在工作)?哪一個?

Okay, we'll start with this: Liz speaks French. She has a French newspaper under her arm. But is she speaking French? No, she isn't. She's speaking English. Here she is again, with a different person. And now, she is speaking French. So there's the main difference: what we are doing now and what we do anytime—past, present, or future.
好,我們從這開始:Liz 說法文。她手臂下夾著一份法文報紙。但她正在說法文嗎?不,她沒有。她正在說英文。Liz 又出現了,和另一個人一起。現在,她正在說法文。所以主要的差異是這樣:我們現在正在做什麼,還有我們在任何時候在做什麼--過去、現在,或者未來。

And here's another example, which is slightly different: This is Ryan. He's having tea with his friend, Marcus.
這裡是另一個例子,這個例子有一點不同:這是 Ryan。他正在和他的朋友 Marcus 喝茶。

"What are you doing these days?"
「你最近在做什麼啊?」

"I'm studying engineering. And you?"
「我在讀工程學。你呢?」

"I'm working at the E5 cafe until I get a permanent job."
「在找到一份固定工作前,我在 E5 咖啡廳工作。」

And now a different one: Here's John Stevenson in an interview.
現在來一個不同的例子:這是面試中的 John Stevenson。

"What do you do, Mr. Stevenson?"
「你是作什麼的,Stevenson 先生?」

"I work for Marcus and Welby."
「我在 Marcus 和 Welby 那工作。」

"What do you do there?"
「你在那的工作是什麼?」

"I work as a lawyer."
「我的職務是律師。」

What's the difference? The first two, Ryan studying and Marcus working, are not happening now at this moment, but they are happening around now. They are temporary, short-term; they will finish soon. The second, Mr. Stevenson, is permanent, long-term; we don't know when it will end.
有什麼差別呢?前兩個,Ryan 讀書和 Marcus 工作,並不是發生在當下這一刻,但它們發生在最近。它們是暫時、短期的;它們很快就會結束。第二個例子,Stevenson 先生,那是固定、長期的;我們不知道那什麼時候會結束。

Now it's your turn. Here are five little situations. Are they short-term or long-term, temporary or permanent? Both forms of the verb are grammatically possible, but which is the best? You have 10 seconds to think about it. You can pause the video if you want to. Okay, here are the answers.
現在換你了。這裡有五個小小的狀況。它們是短期還是長期、暫時還是永久固定的呢?兩種動詞型態就文法來看都是有可能的,但哪一個是最佳答案?你有十秒想想看。如果你想要的話,你可以將影片暫停。好,答案在這裡。

Number one: Siberian leopards live in China and Russia.
一:遠東豹居住在中國和俄羅斯。

Two: John and Susan are staying with me until their new house is ready.
二:John 和 Susan 正和我住在一起,直到他們的新家準備好為止。

Three: "Where is Susan?" "She is flying to Hawaii at this very moment!"
三:「Susan 在哪裡?」「此時此刻她正飛往夏威夷!」

Four: "What do you do?" "I work in a bank. I've been there for 10 years."
四:「你是作什麼的?」「我在銀行工作。我已經在那待十年了。」

Five: I go for a walk with the dog nearly every day.
五:我幾乎每天都和狗狗去散步。

Okay. That's all. Hope you found it useful, and bye for now.
好。就這些。希望你覺得這有用,現在先說再見了。

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