Hi, guys! Dan for BBC Learning English here with this week's Learner Question. Find out what it is after this.
嗨，大家!我是 BBC 學英文的 Dan，帶來本週的學員問題。彈指之後來看看是怎樣的問題吧。
This week's Learner Question comes from Christina from Austria, who asks,"Would you be able to explain the difference between 'will' and 'going to' when talking about the future, please?"
本週的問題來自奧地利的 Christina，她問說：「請問你可以解釋表達未來時，will（將要）和 going to（將要）的差別嗎？」
Of course, Christina. It's quite a common question. I hope this answer helps.
So, there's a difference between future predictions and future plans, and we're only going to be looking at future plans for the moment. Please remember that these rules are a rough guide, and sometimes native speakers bend or even break them, so be careful.
So, a man goes to the airport. He's carrying a suitcase. In the suitcase is a passport, some clothes, some sunglasses, and a ticket. He goes up to the check-in desk, and he says to the lady there, "I'm flying to Spain later today." Notice this is the present continuous. That's for a future arrangement. It's called an arrangement because it's like a plan, but he has the ticket, and the ticket is evidence of the plan. This means that if the man were to disappear, the airline would still expect him to arrive for the flight. That's what the evidence means.
好，一個男人前往機場。他帶著行李箱。行李箱裡有護照、一些衣服、一些太陽眼鏡，還有一張機票。他到了報到櫃台，跟那邊的女士說：「I'm flying to Spain later today.（我今天稍後要飛到西班牙。）」注意這句話是用現在進行式。這是用來表達一種未來的安排。這被稱作安排是因為這就像是一個計畫，但他有這張機票，這張機票就是這個計畫的證明。意思就是說，如果這個男人消失了，航空公司還是會預期他會來登機。這就是這個證明代表的意義。
However, the lady behind the check-in desk says, "Sorry. No. That flight's been canceled. But you can fly to Australia or to Russia." Well, this is a big decision, so the man goes to the cafe to think about it. When he comes back, he says, "Okay. I'm going to fly to Australia." That's "be going to" for a future plan. He's had time to think about it in the cafe before speaking, but he doesn't have a ticket, so it's not an arrangement.
但是，報到櫃檯的女士說：「抱歉。沒辦法。那班飛機被取消了。但你可以飛往澳洲或俄羅斯。」這是個重大的決定，所以這個男人到咖啡廳想一想。回來時，他說：「好。I'm going to fly to Australia.（我要飛往澳洲。）」那是用「be going to」來表達未來的計畫。他有時間在說話前在咖啡廳思考一下，但他沒有機票，所以這不是安排。
But the lady behind the check-in desk says, "Sorry, you took too long in the cafe. That flight has gone. But you can still fly to Russia." So the man says, "Okay. I will fly to Russia." That's "will" for a future based on a decision made at the moment of speaking. He makes the decision at that time. No plan existed before that. Did you get it?
但報到櫃檯的女士說：「抱歉，你在咖啡廳待太久了。那班飛機已經起飛了。但你還是可以飛去俄羅斯。」所以那男人說：「好。I will fly to Russia.（我會飛去俄羅斯。）」那是用「will」表達未來，而這個未來是基於說話當下所做的決定。他當下做了決定。在那之前沒有計畫存在。有懂了嗎？
That's present continuous for a future arrangement. It's "be going to" for a future plan. And it's "will" for an instant decision made at that moment. I hope that answers your question, Christina. Thank you very much for writing to us.
現在進行式用來表達未來的安排。「Be going to」用來表達未來的計畫。還有「will」用來表達當下立刻做的決定。希望那說明有回答到妳的問題，Christina。非常感謝妳的來信。
If anybody else out there has a question for Learners' Question, you can email us on at firstname.lastname@example.org. Please remember to put "Learners' Questions" in the subject box and your name and the country that you're writing from. Unfortunately, we get so many emails that we can't answer every question, guys, but we do read every single one. And for more information, go to our website: bbclearningenglish.com.
That's it for this week's Learners' Questions. I'll see you next time. Bye-bye.
- 「目前、暫時」- For The Moment
So, there's a difference between future predictions and future plans, and we're only going to be looking at future plans for the moment.
- 「基於」- Based On
That's "will" for a future based on a decision made at the moment of speaking.