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「90 秒學會英文倒裝句怎麼用」- Inversion


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BBC English Class: Inversion
BBC 英語教室:倒裝句

Hi, guys! Dan from BBC Learning English here. This week, we're gonna be studying inversion after negative or limiting adverbs... Sounds confusing, doesn't it? But don't worry. It's actually really, really simple. We can explain the whole thing in 90 seconds, as usual. Are you ready? Here we go.
嗨大家!我是 BBC 學英文的 Dan。這星期,我們要來學習在否定副詞或限制性副詞後的倒裝句... 聽起來很複雜,對吧?不過別擔心。這其實非常非常簡單。我們可以在 90 秒內解釋完全部,和往常一樣。你準備好了嗎?開始。

Now, have you ever been to the Grand Canyon? I have. It was the most spectacular thing I've ever seen. Seriously, never had I seen such a wonder. "Never had I seen" is an example of inversion. Not sure what I'm talking about? Come here. Let me show you.
現在,你有去過大峽谷嗎?我有。那是我所見過最壯麗的事物。真的,我從未見過那等奇景。Never had I seen(我從未見過)就是倒裝的例子。不確定我在說什麼嗎?來。讓我帶你看。

So, normally we would say, "I had never seen such a wonder." But with inversion, we move the adverb to the beginning of the sentence, and then we switch the subject and auxiliary verb: "Never had I seen such a wonder." This is done for formality, for drama, or for emphasis. Would you like another example? Come over here.
所以,通常我們會說:I had never seen such a wonder.(我從未見過這等奇景)。不過用倒裝句,我們將副詞移到句首,然後調換主詞和助動詞位置:Never had I seen such a wonder.(我從未見過這等奇景)。這樣做是為了表現正式、戲劇性,或是強調。你想看別的例子嗎?來這裡。

"Rarely would I go home again after what happened." The same applies, guys. We move the adverb to the beginning of the sentence, and then we switch the subject and auxiliary verb: "Rarely would I go home again after what happened."
Rarely would I go home again after what happened.(在發生那種事後我不太可能再回家)。同樣的用法,大家。我們將副詞移到句首,接著調換主詞和助動詞的位置:Rarely would I go home again after what happened.(在發生那種事後我不太可能再回家)。

Now, come over here to the third space. To the third space... "I hardly ever smoke."
This sentence is in the present simple. The same is true as we did before. We move the adverbial phrase to the beginning of the sentence, and then we have to add the auxiliary verb before we switch the subject and auxiliary: "Hardly ever do I smoke."
現在,來第三個空間這。第三空間... I hardly ever smoke.(我很少抽菸)。這個句子是用現在簡單式。和我們先前做的相同。我們將副詞片語移到句首,接著我們得在調換主詞和助動詞前先加上助動詞:Hardly ever do I smoke.(我很少抽菸)。

There are lots of other adverbials, and you can find information about this and everything I've talked about on our website at bbclearningenglish.com. I'm out of time, guys. I have to go. Dan from BBC Learning English, signing off.
其它還有許多副詞狀語,你可以找到這的資訊,還有在我們 bbclearningenglish.com 的網站上找到我說過的一切。我要沒時間了,大夥們。我得走了。BBC 學英文的 Dan,下課囉。

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