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「鄧肯英文第六課:快樂/悲傷」- Learning English-Lesson Six (Happy/Sad)


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Nobody heard him, the dead man. But still he lay moaning: I was much further out than you thought, and not waving but drowning.
沒人聽見他,那死去的男人。但他仍躺著呻吟:我比你想像中的要糟糕得多,我不是在揮手而是溺水了。

Hi, everybody. This is Misterduncan in England. How are you today? Are you ok? I hope so! Are you happy? I hope so! In this lesson, we'll take a look at the two sides or faces of how we can feel emotionally and the way these feelings affect both ourselves and the people around us. In today's lesson, we'll look at being happy and feeling sad.
嗨,大家好。這裡是英國的鄧肯老師。你今天好嗎?你還好嗎?希望如此!你開心嗎?希望如此!在這堂課裡,我們會看看在情緒上我們能夠如何去感受的兩個方面,以及這些感受去影響我們自己跟周遭人們的方法。在今天的課程當中,我們會看看感到快樂以及感受悲傷。

We all have feelings. They are the individual parts of our character that show the way we feel, depending on the situations around us. When we say feelings, we are actually describing one feeling at a time. Although sometimes, for example, due to illness, a person may experience many feelings at once. The way you feel relates to your "Emotional State, Mood, Frame of Mind, Temper, Disposition, State of Mind, Spirit". Good or bad can be added to all of these words to show a positive mood and a negative one.
我們都有感覺。它們是我們個性的獨立部份,依照周遭的狀況,表現出我們感受的方式。當我們提到感受,我們實際上是在一次描述一個感覺。儘管有時候,舉例來說,因為生病,一個人可能同時經許多感受。你感受的方式關乎於你的「感情狀態、心情、心理架構、情緒、性格、心態、心靈」。好或壞可以被加到所有這些字眼上,去展示一個正面以及負面的心情。

Our feelings and moods are all related to the way we think in our minds. The study of this subject is called "Psychology." This also covers the way we behave generally. Our minds control everything we do. Besides actions, your mood can also affect your health. If you were to feel unhappy over a long period of time, then you may need to see a doctor. You could be suffering from "Depression." This is often caused by stress from a sudden change in your life, such as the loss of your job, or the death of a loved one.
我們的感受和情緒全都關乎於我們在心中所思考的方式。關於這個主題的研究叫做「心理學」。這也包含了我們一般的行為模式。我們的心靈控制著我們做的每件事。除了行為之外,你的情緒也會影響你的健康。如果你很長一段時間感到不快樂,那麼你也許需要去看醫生。你可能罹患了「憂鬱症」。這通常是由你生活中突然的改變所產生的壓力所造成,像是丟掉工作,或是愛人的去世。

It may sound strange to some people, but your mood can be affected by the weather. Psychologists have found that a chemical imbalance in the brain can cause us to feel sad, when there is little sunlight about. Those affected will feel happier and more content during the summer time, while during the short winter days, they may find themselves becoming depressed and gloomy. This feeling even has a name: S. A. D. (Seasonal Affective disorder).
有些人聽起來也許覺得奇怪,但你的心情是會被天氣所影響的。心理學家發現當四周很少陽光的時候,腦中的化學作用失調會使我們感到悲傷。那些受影響的人,在夏天時節會感到更快樂以及更滿足,然而在短短的冬天白晝,他們也許會發現自己變得憂鬱陰沉。這個感覺甚至有個名字:S. A. D.(季節性影響失調)。

It is amazing how our moods can change from day to day. You may find yourself jumping for joy on Monday, and feeling down in the doldrums by Friday. There are many idioms for feeling happy and sad. "Happy as Larry": To be very happy. "Jump for Joy": To show your happiness. "Smile from Ear to Ear": A happy face. "Happy go Lucky": A cheerful person. "On Top of the World": So very happy. "Down in the Dumps": To feel unhappy. "Under a Black Cloud": Sad and depressed. "In the Doldrums": To feel sad and gloomy.
我們的心情怎地會每天變換是很神奇的。你可能發現自己星期一超級開心,然後星期五感覺意志消沉。有很多用於感到開心和悲傷的成語。「Happy as Larry」:非常開心。「Jump for Joy」:表現出你的快樂。「Smile from Ear to Ear」:一張開心的面孔。「Happy go Lucky」:一個無憂無慮的人。「On Top of the World」:非常非常開心。「Down in the Dumps」:感到不開心。「Under a Black Cloud」:悲傷而且憂鬱的。「In the Doldrums」:意志消沉,無精打采的。

There are many different things around us that have the ability to change the way we feel. A piece of classical music might make you feel sad. It touches you emotionally. It moves you. A happy story may uplift your mood and cheer you up. You may find yourself both laughing and crying, while watching a romantic movie, either alone or with your lover.
我們周遭有很多不同的東西有能力去改變我們感知的方式。一首古典音樂可能讓你感到悲傷。它在情緒上觸動你。它感動你。一個快樂的故事可以振奮你的情緒並讓你開心。你也許發現自己又哭又笑,當你獨自一人,或是跟你親愛的一起看浪漫電影的時候。

There is an expression in English that goes, "Laughter is the best medicine." This means that when you are feeling unhappy or down, or even unwell, the only way to get out of that mood is to watch something humorous on the television. Make a funny face in the mirror. Laugh out loud until all your blues have gone away!
英文裡有句話說:「笑是最好的良藥。」這是說當你感到不快樂或是情緒低落,或甚至不舒服,唯一跳脫出那心情的方法是在電視上看些幽默的東西。在鏡子裡扮好笑的鬼臉。大聲笑出來直到你的憂鬱跑光光。

Happiness
I feel happy. I feel glad. I feel excited. I never feel sad. The day is alive, and I feel great. Tomorrow will be good. I just can't wait. My heart is warm with a rosy glow. The smile on my face, I love to show. I need to jump. I like to sing. I want to live. I love everything.
快樂
我快樂。我開心。我興奮。我從不悲傷。這天充滿朝氣,我感覺很棒。明天會很美好。我只是等不及了。我的心暖暖的,發出美好的光芒。我喜歡展現臉上的笑容。我高興得必須要跳一跳。我喜歡唱出來。我想要活著。我愛一切。

Sadness
I feel down. I feel bad. I feel miserable. I really feel sad. I hate this day. I dislike it all. My heart is down. Feel like I will fall. So grey is this world, with its trouble and strife. So cold (is) my spirit, in this dark and gloomy life.
悲傷
我心情低落。我不開心。我很痛苦。我真的很悲傷。我恨這個日子。我全都不喜歡。我的心沉到谷底。感覺好像我會跌倒。這世界真灰暗,都是麻煩和衝突。我的心好冷,在這黑暗陰沉的生活之中。

In British English we use the word "Sad" informally as a way of describing something that is unfashionable, or a person who appears to have no friends or any social life. "That style of fashion is so sad." "He never goes out anywhere, and he has no friends. What a saddo!!"
在英式英文裡我們非正式的使用「Sad」這個字當作一個描述某件事情不時髦的方式,或一個看來沒有朋友沒有社交生活的人。「那款的時尚很不流行。」「他從不出去任何地方,而且他沒朋友。真是個可憐的阿宅。」

We can use the words Happy and Sad and their synonyms to show our reactions to something or someone. "I'm really happy to meet you." "I'm glad to have you as my friend." "I feel brighter now you are here." "I feel sad now that you have gone." "I feel down because I hate my job." "I feel sick and my spirits are low."
我們可以用「Happy」和「Sad」這些字眼以及它們的同義字去表示我們對某事或某人的反應。「我很高興認識你。」「我很高興有你這個朋友。」「現在你在這我開朗多了。」「現在你走了我好難過。」「我好低落因為我恨我的工作。」「我覺得不舒服而且我的心情很低落。」

Happy Synonyms: Bright, Content, Cheerful, Elated, Glowing, Jolly, Joyful, Merry, Sunny.
Happy的同義字:開朗的,滿足的,開心的,興高采烈的,熱情的,快活的,高興的,愉悅的,陽光的。

Sad Synonyms: Blue, Forlorn, Depressed, Down, Gloomy, Glum, Moody, Solemn, Woeful.
Sad的同義字:憂傷,淒涼的,沮喪的,低落的,陰沉的,悶悶不樂的,嚴肅的,悲傷的。

It would be fair to say that we all go through times when things seem bad. People can sometimes let you down. They have the ability to say things that make you unhappy. Events and circumstances may come along and destroy your plans for the future. As the poet Stephen Spender once wrote, "You must live through the time when everything hurts." Life comes with no guarantees or promises. The sunny days of contentment can only be truly appreciated through the dark gloomy nights of despair. For without sadness, we would never really know what it is like to be truly happy.
公平來說,我們都經歷過事情似乎很糟糕的時機。人們有時候會讓你失望。他們有能力說一些事讓你不開心。事件和情況可能同時降臨並毀掉你未來的計劃。就像是詩人Stephen Spender曾寫:「你必須撐過一切都傷害著你的時候。」生活沒有保證或是承諾。滿足的快樂時光只有藉由經歷過黑暗陰沉晚上的絕望才能被真正的體會到。因為沒有悲傷,我們永遠不會真正知道真正快樂是什麼樣子。

Well, that's all I have time for today, but don't be sad because I will be back again real soon with another lesson just for you. Until then, this is Misterduncan in England saying, "thank you for watching me, teaching you," and of course, "ta-ta for now."
嗯,那就是我今天所有的時間了,但是不要難過,因為我很快會再回來,就是要給你帶來另一堂課。在那之前,這裡是英國的鄧肯老師,說「謝謝觀賞我的教學」,還有當然「暫時掰掰了」。

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