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「鄧肯英文第六課:快樂/悲傷」- Learning English-Lesson Six (Happy/Sad)


Nobody heard him, the dead man. But still he lay moaning: I was much further out than you thought, and not waving but drowning.

Hi, everybody. This is Misterduncan in England. How are you today? Are you ok? I hope so! Are you happy? I hope so! In this lesson, we'll take a look at the two sides or faces of how we can feel emotionally and the way these feelings affect both ourselves and the people around us. In today's lesson, we'll look at being happy and feeling sad.

We all have feelings. They are the individual parts of our character that show the way we feel, depending on the situations around us. When we say feelings, we are actually describing one feeling at a time. Although sometimes, for example, due to illness, a person may experience many feelings at once. The way you feel relates to your "Emotional State, Mood, Frame of Mind, Temper, Disposition, State of Mind, Spirit". Good or bad can be added to all of these words to show a positive mood and a negative one.

Our feelings and moods are all related to the way we think in our minds. The study of this subject is called "Psychology." This also covers the way we behave generally. Our minds control everything we do. Besides actions, your mood can also affect your health. If you were to feel unhappy over a long period of time, then you may need to see a doctor. You could be suffering from "Depression." This is often caused by stress from a sudden change in your life, such as the loss of your job, or the death of a loved one.

It may sound strange to some people, but your mood can be affected by the weather. Psychologists have found that a chemical imbalance in the brain can cause us to feel sad, when there is little sunlight about. Those affected will feel happier and more content during the summer time, while during the short winter days, they may find themselves becoming depressed and gloomy. This feeling even has a name: S. A. D. (Seasonal Affective disorder).
有些人聽起來也許覺得奇怪,但你的心情是會被天氣所影響的。心理學家發現當四周很少陽光的時候,腦中的化學作用失調會使我們感到悲傷。那些受影響的人,在夏天時節會感到更快樂以及更滿足,然而在短短的冬天白晝,他們也許會發現自己變得憂鬱陰沉。這個感覺甚至有個名字:S. A. D.(季節性影響失調)。

It is amazing how our moods can change from day to day. You may find yourself jumping for joy on Monday, and feeling down in the doldrums by Friday. There are many idioms for feeling happy and sad. "Happy as Larry": To be very happy. "Jump for Joy": To show your happiness. "Smile from Ear to Ear": A happy face. "Happy go Lucky": A cheerful person. "On Top of the World": So very happy. "Down in the Dumps": To feel unhappy. "Under a Black Cloud": Sad and depressed. "In the Doldrums": To feel sad and gloomy.
我們的心情怎地會每天變換是很神奇的。你可能發現自己星期一超級開心,然後星期五感覺意志消沉。有很多用於感到開心和悲傷的成語。「Happy as Larry」:非常開心。「Jump for Joy」:表現出你的快樂。「Smile from Ear to Ear」:一張開心的面孔。「Happy go Lucky」:一個無憂無慮的人。「On Top of the World」:非常非常開心。「Down in the Dumps」:感到不開心。「Under a Black Cloud」:悲傷而且憂鬱的。「In the Doldrums」:意志消沉,無精打采的。

There are many different things around us that have the ability to change the way we feel. A piece of classical music might make you feel sad. It touches you emotionally. It moves you. A happy story may uplift your mood and cheer you up. You may find yourself both laughing and crying, while watching a romantic movie, either alone or with your lover.

There is an expression in English that goes, "Laughter is the best medicine." This means that when you are feeling unhappy or down, or even unwell, the only way to get out of that mood is to watch something humorous on the television. Make a funny face in the mirror. Laugh out loud until all your blues have gone away!

I feel happy. I feel glad. I feel excited. I never feel sad. The day is alive, and I feel great. Tomorrow will be good. I just can't wait. My heart is warm with a rosy glow. The smile on my face, I love to show. I need to jump. I like to sing. I want to live. I love everything.

I feel down. I feel bad. I feel miserable. I really feel sad. I hate this day. I dislike it all. My heart is down. Feel like I will fall. So grey is this world, with its trouble and strife. So cold (is) my spirit, in this dark and gloomy life.

In British English we use the word "Sad" informally as a way of describing something that is unfashionable, or a person who appears to have no friends or any social life. "That style of fashion is so sad." "He never goes out anywhere, and he has no friends. What a saddo!!"

We can use the words Happy and Sad and their synonyms to show our reactions to something or someone. "I'm really happy to meet you." "I'm glad to have you as my friend." "I feel brighter now you are here." "I feel sad now that you have gone." "I feel down because I hate my job." "I feel sick and my spirits are low."

Happy Synonyms: Bright, Content, Cheerful, Elated, Glowing, Jolly, Joyful, Merry, Sunny.

Sad Synonyms: Blue, Forlorn, Depressed, Down, Gloomy, Glum, Moody, Solemn, Woeful.

It would be fair to say that we all go through times when things seem bad. People can sometimes let you down. They have the ability to say things that make you unhappy. Events and circumstances may come along and destroy your plans for the future. As the poet Stephen Spender once wrote, "You must live through the time when everything hurts." Life comes with no guarantees or promises. The sunny days of contentment can only be truly appreciated through the dark gloomy nights of despair. For without sadness, we would never really know what it is like to be truly happy.
公平來說,我們都經歷過事情似乎很糟糕的時機。人們有時候會讓你失望。他們有能力說一些事讓你不開心。事件和情況可能同時降臨並毀掉你未來的計劃。就像是詩人Stephen Spender曾寫:「你必須撐過一切都傷害著你的時候。」生活沒有保證或是承諾。滿足的快樂時光只有藉由經歷過黑暗陰沉晚上的絕望才能被真正的體會到。因為沒有悲傷,我們永遠不會真正知道真正快樂是什麼樣子。

Well, that's all I have time for today, but don't be sad because I will be back again real soon with another lesson just for you. Until then, this is Misterduncan in England saying, "thank you for watching me, teaching you," and of course, "ta-ta for now."




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