Well, hello! My name is Richard Jackson, and I'm gonna be teaching you about independent and dependent clauses. Make sure you have a pen and paper handy. Then let's get started!
哈囉!我的名字是 Richard Jackson，我要來教你獨立子句和從屬子句。確定一下你手邊有筆和紙。那我們開始吧!
So, what is a clause? Do you know? Do you know? Hmm... Well, I'll tell you. A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a verb. Now, there are two different types of clauses. You have independent clauses, and then you have dependent clauses. They both have subjects and verbs, but they beg to differ. Let me explain.
For independent clause, an independent clause is a sentence that can stand on its own, and it has a complete thought. For example, "I like cake." In this sentence, you have a subject, you also have a verb, and then you even have a direct object.
Now, when it comes to dependent clauses, a dependent clause is one that cannot stand alone, and—because it doesn't express a complete thought. So example of this is: "Since I don't have enough money." Doesn't that sound incomplete? So, do you feel that feeling? Do you feel confused? Do you feel incomplete? It's totally understandable. That'd mean you might understand the difference between independent and dependent clauses. Dependent clauses make you question, What is he gonna do? Rob a bank? Ask your grandmother? Mow the lawn? What? What? What? What is he or she going to do? So, to fix a dependent clause, you have to add an independent clause after it. So, "Since I don't have enough money, I am going to have to get a job." See how much better that sentence sound? See how happy you feel after that?
Here are a few signs of a dependent clause: after, although, as, because, before, since, though, unless, until, whatever, when, and while—those will be at the beginning of the sentence, and these are called subordinate conjunctions. Okay. So an independent clause can stand on its own. It could stand alone! But when you add a subordinate conjunction, this weakens the independent clause, and that is what makes it a dependent clause.
So, let's do a few examples. "Rick eats Cracker Jacks." Independent or dependent clause? Here is where you can pause the video and do this on your own, but I will continue. Yes, it is an independent clause. Let's move on to the next one. "When Rick eats Cracker Jacks." Independent or dependent clause? Hmm... Yes, you are correct. It is a dependent clause, because it has a subordinate conjunction in front of it. Now, let's fix this dependent clause. "When Rick eats Cracker Jacks," let's add the independent clause, "he always makes a big mess on the carpet." See how much better that sounds? It's a complete thought.
那麼，來做幾個例題。「Rick 吃 Cracker Jack 爆米花。」獨立還是從屬子句？你可以在這裡停下影片然後自己做練習，但我會繼續進行。沒錯，這是個獨立子句。讓我們繼續進到下一個例子。「Rick 吃 Cracker Jack 爆米花的時候。」獨立還是從屬子句？嗯... 沒錯，你答對了。這是句從屬子句，因為它前面有從屬連接詞。現在，我們來修正這句從屬子句。「Rick 吃 Cracker Jack 爆米花的時候」，把獨立子句加進去，「他總是把地毯弄得一團糟。」有發現那聽起來好多了嗎？這是個完整的想法。
Write down five examples and identify them for practice. But, my name is Richard, and I have taught you understanding independent and dependent clauses. Thank you. If you do have any other questions, refer to www.myschoolhouse.com.
寫下五個例子然後練習分辨它們。不過，我的名字是 Richard，我已經教你了解獨立和從屬子句了。謝謝你。如果你還有其它任何問題，請參考 www.myschoolhouse.com。
- 「獨立、靠自己」- On One's Own
Here is where you can pause the video and do this on your own, but I will continue.
- 「繼續前進」- Move On
Let's move on to the next one.