The Zika virus could spread to four million people this year. So what is it? It was discovered in Uganda in the 1940s, then detected in a few other places over the years. It broke out in the Americas and the Caribbean in 2015. Zika is transmitted through a particular species of mosquito that lives mostly in tropical regions. That includes parts of the U.S.
茲卡病毒今年可能會擴散到四百萬人身上。所以茲卡病毒是什麼？它在 1940 年代於烏干達發現，接著幾年來在其它幾個地方被檢測到。茲卡病毒在 2015 年於美洲和加勒比海地區爆發。茲卡病毒是透過一種大多生存在熱帶地區的特殊品種蚊子傳播。那包含美國的一些地方。
There was evidence that the virus could be transmitted through other means too. Zika has been linked to paralysis and birth defects. Brazil has seen a spike in babies born with a certain kind of brain damage. Officials are now warning pregnant women not to travel to places where there's an active Zika outbreak.
Generally though, Zika symptoms are mild, and most people infected don't notice anything. There is no treatment for the virus, and officials say finding a vaccine could take up to a decade.
- 「爆發、突然發生」- Break Out
It broke out in the Americas and the Caribbean in 2015.
茲卡病毒在 2015 年於美洲和加勒比海地區爆發。