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「我們吃的食物裡...到底有什麼?」- WHAT'S REALLY IN OUR FOOD?


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Hey there! Welcome to Life Noggin. Do you know what's awesome? Food is awesome. Look at pizza, and tell me you don't feel something. But do you really know what your food is made out of? Bugs, antifreeze, and gluten, oh my! Sure it can be spooky to think about. But is it completely harmless or should you stay away? Before we get started, talk to your doctor about consuming this stuff. You probably already know if you're allergic to something by now, but it's better to be safe than sorry. Let's begin.
嘿各位!歡迎來到 Life Noggin。你知道什麼棒透了嗎?食物棒透了。看看披薩,然後說你沒有任何感覺。但你真的知道你的食物是由什麼做成的嗎?蟲子、防凍劑,和麩質,天啊!當然這想起來令人毛骨悚然。但那是完全無害的,或是你應該要遠離的呢?在我們開始之前,和你的醫生談談攝取這東西的事。此時你也許已經知道是否對一些東西過敏,但安全總比遺憾好。我們開始吧。

We'll start with Carmine, which is also known as natural red dye or crimson lake. It's most commonly found in candies, sodas, and even some makeup, like lipstick or blush. This ingredient may actually cause allergic reactions to some people. Besides that, it's relatively harmless unless you happen to be a vegan or vegetarian. Carmine is extracted from the bodies of scale insects, such as the cochineal. Yum!
我們從胭脂紅開始,這也被稱作天然紅色染料或深紅色澱。它最常在糖果、汽水,甚至一些化妝品中見到,像是口紅或腮紅。這個成分可能確實會對某些人造成過敏反應。除此之外,它算相當無害,除非你剛好是個素食主義者。胭脂紅是從介殼蟲的身體提煉出來的,例如胭脂蟲。美味!

Next stop, Gluten Town. That word is everywhere nowadays and it kinda gets a bad rap. Gluten is a protein found in grains, such as wheat, barley, and rye. That's it. It can be found in many processed foods, such as bread, pasta, and pizza. Gluten, when mixed with water and wheat flour, makes bread sticky and more easily shapeable. Now some people actually have severe allergies to gluten, also known as celiac disease. If these people did decide to eat gluten, it would lead to the damage of their small intestines. Not good. However, it's not dangerous to you if you don't have an allergy or an intolerance. Eat all the garlic bread your little heart desires, if you are medically able to.
下一站,麩質小鎮。現今這個字詞隨處可見,且它的名聲有點壞。麩質是一種可以在穀物中找到的蛋白質,例如小麥、大麥,和裸麥。就這樣。它可以在許多加工食品中找到,例如麵包、義大利麵,和披薩。當麩質和水與麵粉混合,會讓麵包更具黏性且容易塑形。事實上有些人對麩質嚴重過敏,也被稱作「乳糜瀉」。如果這些人真的決定要吃麩質,那會導致他們小腸的損傷。這不太好。然而,若你沒有過敏或不耐症,這對你並不危險。隨心所欲吃盡所有的大蒜麵包吧,只要你從醫藥角度來說是可以這樣吃的。

Now what about this "antifreeze" that everyone's been talking about? No, you haven't heard of that in food? Well, you see, propylene glycol is one of the main components of antifreeze, and it can also be found in many foods, such as ice cream, cake, and frosting as a thickener or a preservative. You would have to try pretty hard to consume enough of this stuff to where it would have side effects, but if it did happen to you, you might experience some cardiovascular problems and your skin might be a bit irritated.
那這個人人都在說的「防凍劑」又是如何呢?不,你沒聽過食物裡有它?這個嘛,你瞧,丙二醇是防凍劑中主要的成分之一,而且它也能在很多食物中找到,例如冰淇淋、蛋糕,和糖霜,做為增稠劑或防腐劑。你得費滿大心力去攝取足量的這類物質才會產生副作用,但如果真的發生在你身上,你也許會經受一些心血管問題且你的皮膚可能會有點發炎。

How about something else that comes from insects? It's called shellac. It's made from the secretions of the lac insect. Gross! But don't be too creeped out. This isn't so different than getting honey from a bee. Shellac is most often used as a glaze on candies, gum, coffee beans, and even fruit. Shellac has not been known to have any adverse effects on the body. So it's A-OK as long as you're not allergic to it, or vegan.
不如再一些來自昆蟲的其他東西吧?它叫作「蟲膠」。它是由膠蟲的分泌物做成的。噁心吧!但別感到太驚悚。這和從蜜蜂那兒取得蜂蜜沒多大差別。蟲膠經常被當作增亮材料用於糖果、口香糖、咖啡豆,甚至是水果上。蟲膠還未被發現有任何對身體的有害影響。所以它一切正常,只要你不對它過敏,或是一個素食主義者。

This one's a little bit funky. It's called carrageenan. It's extracted from seaweed, and it's used to thicken and stabilize food or beverages. It's most commonly found in things like soy milk, yogurt, and even ice cream. Seems harmless, right? Well, not so much. This ingredient can cause inflammation and digestive issues. Of course, everything in moderation—but I would keep an eye out for this one.
這個有點獨特。它叫作「卡拉膠」。它從海草中提煉出來,是用來增稠和穩定食物或飲料的。它最常被發現在像是豆漿、優格,甚至冰淇淋等東西裡。看似無害,對吧?這個嘛,不是這麼肯定。此成分可能導致發炎和消化問題。當然,所有東西適量即可--但我會特別警惕這個。

So I wanna know, What's your favorite food? Any funky allergies or dietary preferences? Don't forget to come back every Monday for a brand-new video. We can eat pixel pizza together! It's gluten-free. And if you want even more Life Noggin, check out these other episodes and follow us on Facebook and Twitter. I'm Blocko, and this has been Life Noggin. Don't forget to keep on thinking.
所以我想知道,你最喜歡的食物是什麼?有任何獨特的過敏原或飲食偏好嗎?別忘記每個星期一回來看我們全新的影片。我們可以一起吃像素披薩!它不含麩質。如果你想要更多 Life Noggin 的資訊,看看這些其他影片並在 Facebook 和 Twitter 上關注我們。我是 Blocko,這裡是 Life Noggin。別忘了持續動腦。

  • 「遠離、避免」- Stay Away

    But is it completely harmless or should you stay away?
    但那是完全無害的,或是你應該要遠離的呢?

  • 「例如」- Such As

    Carmine is extracted from the bodies of scale insects, such as the cochineal. Yum!
    胭脂紅是從介殼蟲的身體提煉出來的,例如胭脂蟲。美味!

  • 「名聲不好」- Get A Bad Rap

    That word is everywhere nowadays and it kinda gets a bad rap.
    現今這個字詞隨處可見,且它的名聲有點壞。

  • 「導致、引起」- Lead To

    If these people did decide to eat gluten, it would lead to the damage of their small intestines.
    如果這些人真的決定要吃麩質,那會導致他們小腸的損傷。

  • 「小心、留意」- Keep An Eye Out

    Of course, everything in moderation—but I would keep an eye out for this one.
    當然,所有東西適量即可--但我會特別警惕這個。

  • 「繼續」- Keep On

    Don't forget to keep on thinking.
    別忘了持續動腦。

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