I am Professor Hans Rosling. Let me show you where the Syrian refugees are today. Before this very tragic conflict started, there were around 20 million people living in Syria. Each block here represent one million people. Today, more than half of that population—12 million—have left their homes. Eight million have fled to other parts of Syria. They're often referred to as internally displaced people. Four million live as refugees in the neighboring countries. It's mainly Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan. Now, how many has made it to the European Union?
我是 Hans Rosling 教授。讓我帶你看敘利亞的難民們現在在哪些地方。在這場不幸的衝突發生前，約有兩千萬人居住在敘利亞。這裡的每塊積木各代表一百萬人。如今，超過一半的人口－－一千兩百萬人－－離開他們的家園。有八百萬人逃到敘利亞其它地區。他們常被稱為國內流離失所者。四百萬人在鄰近國家內以難民身分生活。那些國家主要是土耳其、黎巴嫩，以及約旦。現在，有多少人成功逃到歐盟國家呢？
It's only a quarter of a million—250,000 Syrian refugees that have applied for asylum in the European Union. This is less than two percent of the total number of internal and external refugees from Syria. In Syria, the tragic conflict is intensifying. Daesh, the so-called Islamic State, recently took control of one more city, so the number of refugees will increase.
The Syrian refugees are not allowed to apply for asylum in the embassies of the EU countries in this region. But, if they find a way to travel to an EU country, then, inside the country, they are allowed to apply, and they will also be granted asylum today because the situation is so terrible in Syria. But in order to exercise that right, they have to enter the EU illegally, through costly and dangerous journeys. But presently the European Union is discussing a quota plan that will enable refugees of different origin that live outside Europe to apply for asylum before coming. And that will secure safe travels.
But the plan only includes 20,000 refugees. So even if applied only to the Syrian refugees, it will just cover 0.2 percent—that is one in 500. So today, the European Union does everything it can to stop more than 99 percent of the Syrian refugees to apply for the asylum that they are legally entitled to in EU countries.