Real World English: Greetings
Hi there! How do you do?
There are many ways to greet people in English, depending on the setting, dialect, and personal preference. How do you choose?
Well, "Hi" is a friendly, informal greeting, often followed by the person's name or the word "there." "How do you do?" on the other hand, is very formal. In a business English context, you probably want to be somewhere in the middle, at least until you know each other better.
嗯，Hi 是一個親切且隨意的問候語，後面常會接人名或 there 這個字。另一方面，How do you do?(你好嗎？)則十分正式。在商業英文的環境中，你可能會想折衷一下，至少在你們更認識彼此之前。
"Hello" is neutral and versatile. You can say it to anyone you meet. It's also popular in writing, such as email, where "Hiya," "Hey," or "Howdy" are often too casual. When you write formally to someone for the first time, "Dear" with a name is a good approach. Things may become more relaxed after that, and you can switch to something less formal.
Hello 既中性又萬用。你見到任何人都可以這樣說。這在寫作時也很常用，像是電子郵件，這時用 Hiya、Hey 或 Howdy 常會顯得太過隨便。當你第一次正式寫信給某人時，用 Dear(親愛的)加上人名是很好的辦法。在那之後一切可能會變得輕鬆些，你就可以改用較沒那麼正式的詞了。
When you meet someone for the first time, you can say, "Pleased to meet you" or maybe "Nice to meet you." This is appropriate in any situation.
當你第一次和某人見面時，你可以說 Pleased to meet you.(很高興見到你)，或也許說 Nice to meet you.(見到你真好)。這在任何情況都適用。
Another way to greet someone is with "Good morning," "Good afternoon," or maybe "Good evening," depending on the time of day. Dropping the word "Good" makes it much more casual. And with intonation, you can make it as friendly or as grumpy as you like.
另一種問候人的方式是說 Good morning(早安)、Good afternoon(午安)或也許 Good evening(晚上好)，看是在一天中的什麼時候。省略 Good 這個字會讓這句話更加生活化。加上語調，你想讓它聽起來多親切或多暴躁都可以。
Dialects have their own greetings. "Howzit" is popular in informal South African English. British people sometimes use "Cheers" to say goodbye or thanks.
不同方言都有自己的問候語。Howzit(哈囉)在日常南非英語中很流行。英國人有時候會用 Cheers 來表示再見或感謝。
"All right?" is also common in British English, especially among younger people. The speaker isn't really asking if you're all right, it's just a greeting. It's like saying "How are you?" or "How do you do?" when you shake hands with someone. They may answer that they're very well, thank you, but this is optional. They may just say the line back: How are you? How do you do?
All right?(還好嗎？)在英式英文中也很常見，特別是年輕人之間。講的人並不是真的在問你好不好，這就只是打個招呼。就像和人握手時說 How are you? 或 How do you do? 一樣。他們可能會回他們很好啊，謝謝你，但回不回都可以。他們可能會就回同一句話：How are you? How do you do?(你好嗎？)
In our next video, we'll look at how people agree and disagree in different varieties of English. So, cheers!