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「【求職必看】破解面試最常問的十大問題」- How to Answer the 10 Most Common Interview Questions


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Wouldn't it be great if you knew in advance what your interviewer was going to ask you? Whilst it's impossible to predict the future, we've done some research to find the 10 most common interview questions. And here is our Guardian Jobs guide on how to answer them.
如果你事先就知道你的面試官會問什麼不是就太棒了嗎?雖然要預測未來是不可能的,但我們做了點研究來找出面試最常問的十大問題。以下就是我們 Guardian Jobs 的答題指南。

Question 1: Tell me about yourself. With a broad question like this, try to highlight information about yourself that's relevant to your interviewer. Which aspects of your career history are useful to the role you're applying for? What about your character makes you a good fit for the organization?
問題一:介紹一下你自己。面對這樣一個空泛的問題,試著聚焦在對面試官有意義的個人資訊。你以往的工作有哪些方面對你目前申請的職位有幫助?你的什麼人格特質能使你成為公司的合適人選?

Question 2: Why do you want to work here? This is your chance to show you've researched the role and the organization. What gives the company a unique edge over their competitors? Be wary here of giving reasons that suggest your interest in the role is only temporary.
問題二:你為什麼想在這工作?這是你展現出你有做功課研究這個職位和組織的機會。是什麼讓這家公司比競爭對手擁有獨特的優勢?這裡要注意不要給出暗示你對這職缺只是暫時有興趣的理由。

Question 3: What are your strengths? Make a list of what you and others think you're good at; then think of the reasons why each item on your list is a strength. Finally, substantiate your list with examples of where you've previously demonstrated these strengths in the workplace.
問題三:你的優點是什麼?列出一張你和別人認為自己擅長的事情;接著想出為什麼清單上各個事項是種優點的理由。最後,舉例證實清單的真實性,舉出你過去曾在什麼情況下在職場上發揮這些長處。

Question 4: What are your weaknesses? Interviewers ask this question to assess your self-awareness. But rather than giving your interviewer a reason not to hire you, think about weaknesses that won't affect your ability to do the job and your strategy for managing them.
問題四:你的缺點是什麼?面試官問這題是要評估你對自己的了解。不過別給面試官不錄取你的理由,想出不會影響你工作能力的缺點,以及你的處理策略。

Question 5: Why should we employ you? Match your skill set to the role requirements and use examples from previous roles to support your claims. Be positive and emphasize your enthusiasm for the role.
問題五:我們為什麼要雇用你?將你的技能和職缺條件配對,並利用前工作發生的實例來支持你的說法。保持積極正向,並突顯出你對此職務的熱忱。

Question 6: What accomplishment are you most proud of and why? This is an opportunity to impress your interviewer with a personal accomplishment, so prepare an example of where you've made a difference. You could use the STAR technique to help illustrate your achievement, outlining a situation, task, action, and positive result.
問題六:你最自豪的成就是什麼,原因又是為何?這是一個用個人成就來讓面試官留下深刻印象的機會,因此備好一個你在其中發揮功能的事例。你可以用 STAR 技巧來協助說明你的成績,簡要介紹情境(S)、任務(T)、行動(A)和正向的結果(R)。

Question 7: Describe a time something went wrong and how you dealt with it. Focus on the second part of this question and use it as an opportunity to tell your interviewer how you cope when things go wrong. List projects or goals that didn't go to plan and why you think each of these failed—what did you learn? And how would you do things differently next time? Choose the example you'd feel most comfortable explaining and use the STAR technique to structure your answer.
問題七:描述一下某次出錯的經驗以及你的處理方法。將重點擺在這個問題的第二個部份,把它當作一個告訴面試官你在事情出錯時會怎麼解決的機會。列出沒有順利實現的專案或目標,以及你認為它們各自失敗的原因--你學到什麼?你下次會怎樣以不同的方式做事?選一個你覺得解釋起來最自在的案例,並利用 STAR 技巧來建構你的答案。

Question 8: Where do you see yourself in five years' time? It's a good idea to frame your ambitions in relation to the organization you're applying to work for. Prove to the interviewer that you're trustworthy by describing how you hope to increase your responsibilities rather than suggesting you want to have their job.
問題八:你覺得自己五年後會是什麼樣子?提出你對目前應徵的這家公司的抱負是個好主意。向面試官證明你值得信任,藉由說明你希望以什麼方式增加你的職責,而不是讓人覺得你想得到他們的工作。

Question 9: What motivates you? There's no right or wrong answer to this question. But think about how your motivations align with the industry you're interviewing for. Being motivated to make money is appropriate if you work in finance, but it might seem out of place if you're interviewing in the charity sector. Whatever your motivation, try to be honest, enthusiastic, and full of self-belief.
問題九:你的動力是什麼?這題沒有正確或錯誤的答案。不過思考一下你的動機要怎麼結合你在面試的產業。如果你在金融業工作,那麼激勵你的是賺錢就沒問題,不過如果你面試的是慈善產業,那可能就不太恰當了。不論你的動機是什麼,試著表現誠實、熱忱,且充滿自信。

Question 10: Have you got any questions? It's easy to shake your head, breathe a sigh of relief, and leave without asking your interviewer anything back, but don't. Recruiters tell us this is the most commonly asked interview question, and your questions will prove you're interested in your interviewer and the organization. Prepare a list of questions covering the challenges of the role, the company, and what the interviewer likes about working there. And steer clear of asking about holiday allowances or how long you get a lunch.
問題十:你有任何問題嗎?這樣做很簡單,搖搖頭、鬆了一口氣,然後什麼都沒回問你的面試官就離開,但別那麼做。招聘人員跟我們說這題是最常被問的面試問題,而你的問題會顯示你對你的面試官和公司感興趣。準備一張問題列表,包括詢問這職務會面臨的挑戰、公司的挑戰,以及面試官喜歡在那工作的哪些事情。避免問到休假天數或午餐時間多長那種問題。

For a written copy of these questions, click here for our Guardian Jobs article on the top 10 interview questions and how to answer them.
想獲得這些問題的紙本,點選此處來看我們 Guardian Jobs 面試十大問題以及答題技巧的文章。

  • 「預先、提前」- In Advance

    Wouldn't it be great if you knew in advance what your interviewer was going to ask you?
    如果你事先就知道你的面試官會問什麼不是就太棒了嗎?

  • 「出差錯、失敗」- Go Wrong

    Question 7: Describe a time something went wrong and how you dealt with it.
    問題七:描述一下某次出錯的經驗以及你的處理方法。

  • 「處理、應付」- Deal With

    Question 7: Describe a time something went wrong and how you dealt with it.
    問題七:描述一下某次出錯的經驗以及你的處理方法。

  • 「避開」- Steer Clear Of

    And steer clear of asking about holiday allowances or how long you get a lunch.
    避免問到休假天數或午餐時間多長那種問題。

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