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「行車安全的守護者:認識ABS、TRC及VSC」- ABS, TRC, VSC


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Some of the better-known systems that help prevent accidents are ABS and TRC.
某些幫助避免意外較為人知的系統是ABS和TRC(註一)。

When a vehicle is driven on a slippery surface, ABS prevents the wheels from locking up during sudden braking. This helps to improve the vehicle stability and handling performance.
當一輛車駕駛在濕滑的路面上,ABS避免車輪在緊急煞車時鎖死。這幫助改善車輛穩定性和操控性能。

When a vehicle is starting off, TRC prevents the wheels from freewheeling. As a result, this also helps to improve the vehicle stability and handling performance.
當一輛車起步時,TRC避免車輪空轉。因此,這同樣也幫助改善車輛穩定性和操控性能。

In other words, ABS helps to improve the vehicle stability during deceleration, while TRC helps during acceleration.
換句話說,ABS在減速時幫助改善車輛穩定性,而TRC在加速時提供幫助。

In addition to these efforts to improve the vehicle stability, the objective of VSC is to ensure stability while cornering. Thus to mutual cooperation, ABS, TRC and VSC help improve the vehicle safety in all of its movements.
除了這些為了改善車輛穩定性的努力之外,VSC(註二)的目的是要在轉彎時確保穩定性。因此相互合作之下,ABS、TRC和VSC在它所有行進間幫助改善車輛的安全性。

Let's observe the effectiveness of VSC during an actual test drive. On a slippery surface, when the driver turns the steering wheel quickly to avoid an oncoming car on a curve, the car without VSC sweeps sideways. This greatly affects the vehicle stability, making it difficult for the driver to control the vehicle.
來觀察VSC在實際試駕時的效果。在濕滑的路面上,當駕駛在轉彎處急速轉動方向盤避開來車,沒有VSC的車輛會掃向一旁。這嚴重影響車輛穩定性,讓駕駛很難操控車輛。

However, a car that is equipped with the VSC system maintains its stability, even under the same circumstances. As a result, it can safely complete the turn.
然而,一輛裝有VSC系統的車輛保持其穩定性,即使是在相同的情況之下。因此,它可以安全地完成轉彎。

When something appears suddenly ahead, the driver of the car without VSC cannot steer the car properly, and causes it to spin. However, the car with VSC can properly avoid the object, and safely resume its direction of travel.
當某個東西突然在前方出現,沒有VSC車輛的駕駛無法適當地操控車輛,並使它打轉。然而,有VSC的車輛可以適當地避開物品,並安全地回到其行進方向。

During a lane change on a slippery surface, the car without VSC slips sideways and becomes unstable. However the car with VSC can complete the lane change in a stable manner.
在濕滑的路面變換車道時,沒有VSC的車輛會滑向一邊,並變得不穩。但有VSC的車輛可以以穩定的方式完成車道變換。

註一:ABS全名是Anti-Lock Brake System縮寫,為防鎖死煞車系統;TRC全名是Traction Control System縮寫,為循跡防滑控制系統。

註二:VSC全名是Vehicle Stability Control,為行車穩定操控系統。

  • 「防止、預防...」- Prevent...From..

    When a vehicle is driven on a slippery surface, ABS prevents the wheels from locking up during sudden braking.
    當一輛車駕駛在濕滑的路面上,ABS避免車輪在緊急煞車時鎖死。

  • 「起步、出發、開始」- Start Off

    When a vehicle is starting off, TRC prevents the wheels from freewheeling.
    當一輛車起步時,TRC避免車輪空轉。

  • 「除...之外」- In Addition To

    In addition to these efforts to improve the vehicle stability, the objective of VSC is to ensure stability while cornering.
    除了這些為了改善車輛穩定性的努力之外,VSC的目的是要在轉彎時確保穩定性。

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