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「【開口就像母語人士】你必學的形容詞排列順序」- Tip to Sound like a Native: Use Adjective Order!


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Hello, everyone. And welcome back to English with Lucy.
哈囉,大家。歡迎回到「跟 Lucy 一起學英文」。

You may notice that my voice is a little bit different. This is because...I have bronchitis. And a couple of days ago, I couldn't even talk, so you're lucky you're getting this video today. Yeah, it's been, um, not a nice week. But I'm here with new content for you.
你們可能會發現我的聲音有點不一樣。這是因為...我得了支氣管炎。幾天前,我甚至無法說話,所以你們很幸運今天能看到這支影片。對,這禮拜確實,嗯,不怎麼好。不過,我在這裡為你們準備了新的教學內容。

And today I thought I'd do a bit of grammar, which I haven't done in a very long time. Today we're going to talk about adjective order, which is really, really important if you want to sound like a native speaker.
今天我想說可以來談一點文法,我已經很久沒有做這個主題了。我們今天來談談形容詞的順序,如果想聽起來更像英文母語人士,這點非常非常重要。

Before we get started, I just wanted to remind you: This video is going to take your writing and your grammar to the next level. But if you want to improve your listening, don't forget to sign up for your free trial at audible.com. The link is in the description box.
在我們進入正題之前,我想先提醒一下:這部影片能讓你的寫作跟文法晉升一個層次。但如果你想增進自己的聽力,別忘了到 audible.com 註冊,來取得免費試用的優惠。連結在影片資訊欄中。

You get one month, 30-day, free trial. And you get a free audiobook. They've got hundreds of titles. It's an amazing service. And if you listen to the book whilst reading it, you really can improve your listening, reading, and your pronunciation because you get to hear how the word is pronounced.
你可以獲得一個月,三十天,免費試用期。並且獲得一本免費電子書。網站上有數百本電子書。非常好的服務。如果你邊聽邊讀,確實可以同時改善聽力、閱讀及發音能力,因為你能聽到每個字的發音。

Let's get on with the video. Now, this is a general order. You might sometimes hear native speakers using a different order, but this is generally the order that we use. It's quite long, but it goes as the following.
那我們繼續來看這支影片。好,這是大致的順序。你有時可能會聽到英文母語者採用不同順序,但大致上我們使用這個順序。有點長,但順序如下。

First, we would say our opinion. Opinion. So, something is "ugly" or "gorgeous."
首先,我們會說我們的想法。想法。像是某物「很醜」或「很美麗」。

Then we would say the size of the noun: big, tiny.
然後我們會說這個東西的尺寸:大、小。

Then we would say the shape: fat, round.
接著我們會說形狀:胖、圓。

Then we would say the condition: broken, dirty.
然後我們會說狀態:破、髒。

Then we would say the age: ancient, new, for example.
接著我們會說存在時間多長:像是古老、新穎。

Then the color: red, white. You guys know the colors. 
然後是顏色:紅、白。你們都知道有哪些顏色。

Then the pattern: spotty, striped.
接著是圖案:斑點的、條紋的。

Then we would say the origin: Spanish, Indonesian.
然後我們會說產地:西班牙的、印尼的。

Then we would go on to say the material: cotton, metal.
接著我們會繼續說到材質:棉花、金屬。

And finally the purpose. So, a "sleeping" for like a sleeping bag or a "flower" for a flower pot.
最後是目的。所以說,「睡覺用的」像是睡袋,「擺放花的」像是「花盆」。

So, so this is the order that we use to list the adjectives before a noun. But my top tip is we don't tend to list more than three. So, use this order, pick three of them, and put it before a noun.
那這是我們在名詞前擺放形容詞的順序。但最重要的訣竅是,我們通常不會用超過三個形容詞。那就利用這個順序、挑出三個形容詞,再擺到名詞前面。

So, for example, I've got a red, Spanish, flamenco dress. No, I really, really do. I'm so in love with it. I can't wait to wear it at the Feria de Sevilla this year. Okay, or I could say I am wearing a burgundy, silk blouse.
例如,我有一件紅色的西班牙佛朗明哥舞裙。沒騙你,我真的有,真的。我超愛那件裙子的。我等不及要在今年的賽維亞春會穿上它了。好,或者我可以說我現在正穿著一件勃艮第酒紅色的絲質襯衫。

So, as I like to talk about important items and prized possessions, in the comments, I would like you to write three objects that you really, really love. So, I want you to describe them using adjectives in the correct order.
那現在,就像我喜歡提到一些重要的、珍貴的事物,我希望你們也能在留言處寫下三項你們真的真的非常喜愛的事物。我希望你們用正確的形容詞順序描述它們。

Guys, that's it for today's lesson. I hope it helped you; I hope you learned something. Don't forget to check out the link on audible.com, and get your free audiobook, and connect with me on all of my social media. I've got my Instagram and my Facebook page. I'll see you soon for another lesson.
各位,今天的課程就到這裡。我希望這堂課對你們有幫助;我希望你們有學到東西。別忘了查看 audible.com 的連結、取得一本免費的電子書,並在所有社群媒體上追蹤我。我有 Instagram 和 Facebook 粉絲專頁。希望很快在下堂課跟你們見面。

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