Human rights...it's a... Jeez, that's a good question.
Human rights...that's a tough one.
I don't even know how to give that a definition.
I would probably have to do a little bit of homework or something.
Any right that I think any...just as a normal...you know...uh...human, any...
The rights that humans have?
Wow, that's a really large...debate.
Human rights can mean many things.
You can ask twenty people, and you will get different opinions.
I wouldn't know...it is a complicated question.
It is difficult, isn't it?
We just take it for granted. They are there, but we don't even consider what they are.
(Human: A member of the homo sapiens species; a man, a woman and a child; a person.)
(Rights: Things to which you are entitled or allowed; freedoms that are guaranteed.)
Human rights are the rights you have simply because you're human. It's how you instinctively expect and deserve to be treated as a person, like the right to live freely, to speak your mind and to be treated as an equal.
There are many kinds of rights. Most apply to a certain group, but human rights are the only ones that apply to absolutely everyone, everywhere. That means kids, old people, poor people, basketball player, garbageman, rappers, teachers, Africans, Indians, Albanians, Christians, Muslims, Kabbalahs, atheist, your mom, your dad, your next-door neighbor, and you, all have the exact same human rights. In other words, they're universal. But the question remains: What are they?
Name human...the human rights?
What the human rights are? Um...
The right to live...Uh...
Equality between all peoples...
The right to religion, the right to...
Is there supposed to be a list somewhere I should be aware of?
According to United Nations, there are total a thirty human rights, which are usually lumped together and called simply human rights. They're all listed out in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is the world's most widely accepted documents on the subject. But it was a long time coming.
At first, there were no human rights. If you were in with the right crowd, you were safe; if you weren't, well...you weren't.
But then a guy named Cyrus the Great, decided to change all that. After conquering Babylon, he did something completely revolutionary. He announced that all slaves were free to go. He also said, "People had the freedom to choose their religion, no matter what crowd that they were a part of." They documented his words on a clay tablet, known as the Cyrus Cylinder. And just like that, human rights were born.
The ideas spread quickly...to Greece, to India, and eventually to Rome. They noticed that people naturally followed certain laws, even if they weren't told to. They called this "Natural Law," but it kept getting trampled on by those in power. Not until a thousand years later in England, do they finally get a king to agree that no one can overrule the rights to people, not even a king. People's rights were finally recognized, and they were now safe from those in power...kind of.
It still took a bunch of British rebels declaring their independence before the king got the point that all men are created equal, which isn't to say he liked the idea, but he couldn't stop that...and America was born.
The French immediately followed with their own revolution for their own rights. Their list was even longer, and they insisted that these rights weren't just "made up." They were natural. The Roman concept of "Natural Law," had become "Natural Rights."
Unfortunately, not everyone were so thrilled. In France, a general named Napoleon decided to overthrow the new French Democracy and crown himself Emperor...of the world. He almost succeeded, but the countries of Europe joined forces and defeated him. Human Rights was again a hot topic.
They drew up international agreement, broadly granting many rights across Europe. But...only across Europe. The rest of the world somehow still didn't qualify. Instead, they got invaded, conquered and consumed by Europe's massive empires.
But then a young lawyer from India decided "enough was enough." His name was Mahatma Gandhi. And in the face of violence, he insisted that all people of Earth have rights, not just in Europe. Eventually, even Europeans started to agree. But it wasn't gonna be that easy.
Two World Wars erupted. Hitler exterminated half the Jewish population of Earth in horrifying Nazi death camps. Now told ninety million people died. Never had human rights been so terrifyingly close to extinction, and never had the world been more desperate for change.
So the countries of Earth banded together and formed the United Nations. Their basic purpose was "To reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person." But what were "Human Rights?"
Were they the proclamation of Cyrus, the Natural Laws of Rome or the Declarations of France? Everyone seemed to have a slightly different idea of what "human rights" should be. But under the supervision of Eleanor Roosevelt, they finally agreed on a set of rights that apply to absolutely everyone: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The French concept of "Natural Rights" had finally become "Human Rights."
So, in summary, at first, only a few lucky people had any rights. Until one of those guys decided, "hey, other people should have some rights too," which was great...except not everyone agreed. And it only took a few thousand years of fighting and declarations, and more fighting, until everyone finally agreed that human rights should apply to everyone. And they all lived happily ever after...except for one little problem.
If people have the right to food and shelter, why are sixteen thousand children dying of starvation everyday? One every five seconds. If people have freedom of speech, why are thousands in prison for speaking their minds? If people have the right to education, why are over a billion adults unable to read? If slavery has truly been abolished, why are twenty-seven million people still in slave today? More than twice as many as in 1800.
The fact is, when it was signed, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights did not have the force of law. It was optional. And despite many more documents, conventions, treaties and laws, it's still little more than the words on a page. So the question is who will make those words a reality?
"I have a dream today."
When Dr. King marched for racial equality, he was marching for rights that had been guaranteed by the United Nations for almost two decades. But still he marched. When Nelson Mandela stood up for social justice in the 1990s, his country had already agreed to abolish such discrimination for almost forty years. But still he fought.
Those who fight today against torture, poverty and discrimination are not giants or superheros. They're people: kids, mothers, fathers, teachers, free thinking individuals who refuse to be silent, who realize that "Human Rights" are not history lessons. They are not words on a page. They are not speeches or commercials or PR campaigns. They are the choices we make everyday as a human beings. They are the responsibility we all share to respect each other, to help each other and to protect those in need.
As Eleanor Roosevelt said, "Where, after all, do universal human rights begin? In small places close to home-so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. Yet they are the world of the individual person; the neighborhood he lives in; the school or college he attends; the factory, farm or office where he works. Such are the places where every man, woman and child, seeks equal justice, equal opportunity, equal dignity without discrimination. Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere."
如同羅斯福所說：「究竟世界人權是從何處開始的呢？在家園附近的小地方 - 如此的貼近又如此的微小，以至於它們無法在任何世界地圖上被看到。然而它們是由個人組成的世界；是他所居住的街坊；是他就讀的學校或學院；是他工作的工廠、農場或辦公室。這些是每個男人、女人跟小孩，不受歧視地追求平等正義、平等機會以及平等尊嚴的地方。除非這些權利在那兒有意義，否則它們在其他地方幾乎沒有意義。」
(Know Your Rights)
- 「視為理所當然」- Take It For Granted
We just "take it for granted". They are there, but we don't even consider what they are.
- 「表達主見、表達自己的想法」- Speak Your Mind
It's how you instinctively expect and deserve to be treated as a person, like the right to live freely, to "speak your mind" and to be treated as an equal.
- 「應該」- Supposed To
Is there "supposed to" be a list somewhere I should be aware of?
- 「歸併、一併、混為一談」- Lump Together
According to United Nations, there are total a thirty human rights, which are usually "lumped together" and called simply human rights.
- 「早該出現了、有一段時間了」- A Long Time Coming
They're all listed out in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is the world's most widely accepted documents on the subject. But it was "a long time coming".
- 「踐踏、蹂躪」- Trample On
They called this "Natural Law," but it kept getting "trampled on" by those in power.
- 「大概吧、有點是吧」- Kind Of
People's rights were finally recognized, and they were now safe from those in power..."kind of".
- 「一堆、一群、一串」- A Bunch Of
It still took "a bunch of" British rebels declaring their independence before the king got the point that all men are created equal,
- 「瞭解、抓到重點」- Get The Point
It still took a bunch of British rebels declaring their independence before the king "got the point" that all men are created equal,
- 「聯合起來、合作會戰」- Join Forces
He almost succeeded, but the countries of Europe "joined forces" and defeated him.
- 「起草、制定」- Draw Up
They "drew up" international agreement, broadly granting many rights across Europe.
- 「面對、縱然」- In The Face Of
And "in the face of" violence, he insisted that all people of Earth have rights, not just in Europe.
- 「同意、取得一致意見」- Agree On
But under the supervision of Eleanor Roosevelt, they finally "agreed on" a set of rights that apply to absolutely everyone: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- 「除了、要不是因為」- Except For
And they all lived happily ever after..."except for" one little problem.
- 「挺身而出、捍衛」- Stand Up For
When Nelson Mandela "stood up for" social justice in the 1990s, his country had already agreed to abolish such discrimination for almost forty years.