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「動詞時態霧煞煞?其實沒那麼難!」- English Language Learning Tips - Tenses


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Hello, my name is Amelia. Today, we're going to be looking at different verb tenses.
哈囉,我的名字是 Amelia。今天,我們要來看不同的動詞時態。

When you're trying to express yourself, it isn't just vocabulary that you need to think about, it's verb tenses too. Take the verb "go" and the word "skiing": You go skiing. But now, you need to think about the different situations in the present, past, and future, and you need to change the verb "go" to fit that situation.
當你試著表達自己的意思時,你需要考慮的不只是單字,還要考慮到動詞時態。拿動詞「去」和「滑雪」這個字當例子:你去滑雪。但現在,你必須考慮到在現在、過去以及未來的不同情況,然後你得將「去」這個動詞改到適合那個情況。

Let's have a look at the present first: I go skiing once a month. She goes skiing on her birthday every year. We use this to talk about routines or habits. Here's another present tense: Hi, Jack. Sorry, I can't talk right now. I'm skiing down the—ahhh! We use it to talk about something that is happening at the moment of speaking.
我們先來看現在式:我一個月去滑雪一次。她每年生日都去滑雪。我們用這來講例行公事或習慣。這裡是另一種現在式:嗨,Jack。抱歉,我現在不能講電話。我正在滑下--啊啊啊!我們用這來講某件在說話當下正在發生的事情。

Now, let's look at the same situation in the past. If you know exactly when something happened, you use the past simple: The last time I went skiing was in February last year. We went to Aspen two months ago. It was incredible.
現在,我們來看看發生在過去的相同情形。如果你知道某件事確切何時發生過,你使用過去簡單式:我上次去滑雪是在去年二月。我們兩個月前去了亞斯本。那真是太棒了。

If something happened when you were skiing, then you need to use two different tenses: I was skiing down the piste when my glasses fell off my face. We use this for the longer action, and the past simple for the shorter action that interrupted the longer action. Here's another example: As I was coming off the ski lift, my ski dropped off.
如果當你在滑雪時發生了某件事,那麼你就需要用到兩種不同的時態:我的眼鏡從臉下掉下來時,我正在滑下滑雪道。我們把這用在持續較久的動作,而過去簡單式用在打斷持續較久動作的較短動作上。這裡是另一個例子:當我從滑雪電纜車上下來時,我的滑雪板掉了。

We've talked about the present and the past, so now we need to move to the future. There are a number of ways to talk about the future, but for now, we will just look at these two.
我們已經討論過現在式和過去式,所以現在我們得進到未來式了。有許多種討論未來的方式,但現在,我們只會看這兩種。

Will: I can't find George anywhere. I will go and see if he's waiting to get on the roller coaster. "Will" is used when you make a decision at the time of speaking. It's spontaneous, not planned. Here's another future tense: In July next year, we're going on the biggest roller coaster in the world. This is used to talk about future arrangements, something you put in your diary.
將會:我到哪都找不到 George。我將會去看看他是不是在等著搭雲霄飛車。「將會」是當你在說話當下才做決定時用的。那是自然而然做出的決定,而非計畫好的。這裡是另一種未來式:明年七月,我們要去搭世界上最大的雲霄飛車。這是用來講在未來的安排,某件你寫在記事簿裡的事。

As you can see, the tense of the verb you use depends on the context you are describing. Next time you're reading a book or article online, or are watching a film or TV program, listen out for the different tenses they use. Grammar doesn't have to be learned out of a textbook. It's everywhere you look and listen. Thanks for watching.
如你所見,你使用的動詞時態視你描述的情境而定。下一次你在讀書或讀線上文章,或者在看電影或電視節目時,留意聽聽他們用的不同時態。文法不必從課本學。文法存在你所見所聞的每一處。謝謝收看。

  • 「上車」- Get On

    I will go and see if he's waiting to get on the roller coaster.
    我將會去看看他是不是在等著搭雲霄飛車。

  • 「視某事物而定」- Depend On

    As you can see, the tense of the verb you use depends on the context you are describing.
    如你所見,你使用的動詞時態視你描述的情境而定。

  • 「注意聽、留心聽」- Listen Out For

    Next time you're reading a book or article online, or are watching a film or TV program, listen out for the different tenses they use.
    下一次你在讀書或讀線上文章,或者在看電影或電視節目時,留意聽聽他們用的不同時態。

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